Prescription Drug and Medication

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cti
Unit 331

Support use of medication in

social care settings

OUTCOME 1

1. The main legislation is the Medicines Act 1968. there area vast amount more that have a direct impact from that in the social care setting, these are as follows;

➢ The medicines act 1968

➢ The misuse of drugs act 1971

➢ The Children act 1981

➢ The data protection act 1998

➢ The care standards act 2000

➢ The health and social care act 2001

➢ The health act 2000

➢ Health and safety at work act 1974

➢ (COSHH) the control of substances hazardous to health regulations 1999

➢ Hazardous waste regulations 2005

➢ Mental capacity act 2005

➢ The access to health records act 1990

2. The medicines act 1968 is an act of parliament of the United Kingdom. It governs the human use and veterinary use as well as the manufacture and supply of medicines. The act derives three categories of medicine which are:-

(POM) prescription only medicine. Which a doctor would give you if you are unwell. you would go to the pharmacy then the pharmacist would take your prescription from you and make up your medicine weather it would be tablets, capsule, cream, liquid from this could be antibiotics, pain killers, antifungal creams

(GSL) general sale list which means you can buy medicines over the counter without a prescription this includes 500mg pain killers, cold relief remedies and mild antifungal creams for toenails and feet and so on

The medicines act also includes the misuse of drugs act 1971 which monitors the used of controlled drugs which comprises of three classes which are as follows.

Class A such as heroin, cocaine, MDMA (ecstasy)

Class B such as cannabis, amphetamines, pholcodine

Class C such as some painkillers, tranquilisers, ketamine all controlled under the misuse of drugs act.

3. Our policies and procedures reflect legislation because it what the health and social care regulators say we must do and they are the care quality commission the reason we follow this is to protect the service users from harm or giving them the wrong medication that doesn’t belong to them. It also gives guidance to social care workers on what they can or can’t do in relation to medication.

OUTCOME 2

1. These are the common types of medication used every day in the work place.

.Sertraline

. Olanzapine

.Risperidone

. Procyclidine

. Valpric Acid

. Chlorpromazine

2/3. Sertraline is used to treat people with depression. However the adverse effects can cause nausea (feeling sick), diarrhoea (loose bowls) and insomnia (stops you from sleeping).

Olanzapine is used to treat people with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The side effects can be akathisic (the inability to remain still/restlessness), dry mouth (wanting to drink all the time), irritability causing behavioural problems such as shouting and swearing.

Valpric Acid is an anti convulsant and mood- stabilising drug. It is used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder. It has also been used to treats major depression, migraine headaches, and schizophrenia. There are many side effect you can get whilst taking valpric acid, nausea, vomiting, restlessness, hostile/ aggressive behaviour, low fever, panic attacks, dark urine, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and/or eyes). These signs could also be early signs or liver damage or pancreatitis.

Risperidone is used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar mania, and autism. Some of the side effects whilst using risperidone are heart burn, anxiety, fatigue, insomnia, dizziness, constipation, vomiting, loss of appetite, weight gain, and problems with vision such as sight.

Procyclidine is used to treat Parkinson’s disease and excessive drooling, it is also used to counter act the side effects of chlorpromazine. Procyclidine also has its own side effects, dry mouth, constipation, and blurred vision, mood changes such as crying, and/or...
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