ECE 332: Child Development
May 30, 2011
“The years from 3 through 5 are often referred to as the preschool years” (Henniger, pg. 107). Preschool is a place where the setting is geared towards mimicking a regular school setting but exposes the young child for the first time to a school. Preschool takes away some of the stress of strictly learning academics and focuses on developing the child's skills in cognitive, motor, social, emotional, and language developments. Preschool encourages children to personally and individually meet their milestones of development.
The Preschool Stage of Development
In looking at the stages of a preschool development, the characteristics/milestones must be defined. There are some activities that can be provided that will enhance a preschooler’s cognitive, motor, social, emotional, and language developments. A detailed explanation of the activities will give the reasoning to how and why the activities will enhance a child’s development. “Every child grows and develops at his or her own pace. Still, child development tends to follow a fairly predictable path” (MFMER, 2010). In language skills, children in the age group of 3 through 5 years old learn from 250 to 500 or more words. Answer simple questions, and understand rhyming words. They can speak sentences of three to four words through compound and complex sentences. In social skills, children in preschool can become more imaginative, cooperate, make friends, share, express feelings, show affection, ask why questions, become more independent, begin to make impressionable markings, count numbers, recognize letters of the alphabet, and can problem solve with teacher guidance. In physical skills, children in this age group can kick, jump, run, and maneuver tricycles, walk up and down stairs without falling, keep balance, hop on one foot, manipulate hand toys like cube links or legos, can dress and undress dolls/or themselves, and can use scissors to cut paper. In Henniger’s text the characteristics described are meant as a guide to understanding the patterns of stages in the development of preschoolers (pg. 107). For the physical aspect of preschoolers, children begin to lose their baby fat and can ride tricycles at the age of 3. Hopping, skipping, and drawing stick figures are achieved at the age of 4. Tying a bow knot and riding a bicycle is achieved at that age of 5. For the cognitive aspect of preschoolers, children learn the basic names of color and ask “why?” questions at the age of 3. Understanding concepts of three and show curiosity to learning how things work are achieved at the age of 4. Understanding the meaning of calendar use and sorting objects by colors and shapes are achieved at the age of 5. For the social-emotional aspect of preschoolers, children begin to imitate an adult during play and learn about stereotypes of sex roles at the age of 3. Working in groups of two or more and having special friends are achieved at the age of 4. Recognizing hurt feelings, expressing their feelings and enjoying group games are achieved at the age of 5. For the language aspect of preschoolers, children learn three to four word sentences and use past tense correctly through their conversations at the age of 3. Playing with words/rhyming, and using talk to solve problems or conflicts are achieved at the age of 4. Knowing about 5,000 words or more and dictating a story from a book or imagination is achieved at the age of 5. One activity that will enhance a child’s cognitive, motor, social, emotional, and language development is the process of making scrambled green eggs from the Dr. Seuss’ Green Eggs and Ham story. Children will have an opportunity to learn about the process of making eggs to eat. The children will use their fine motor skills to crack an egg and scramble their eggs in a mixing bowl. They will have an opportunity to ask questions...