Preparation of Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil

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PREPARATION OF BIODIESEL FROM WASTE COOKING OIL
In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering

Submitted by
Ritesh Shukla Pankaj Singh Bais
Ciby NinanAnkush Deshmukh

Under the guidance of
Prof. SUSHANT S. SATPUTALEY
(Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering)

Academic Year 2010-11
Department of Mechanical Engineering

ST. VINCENT PALLOTTI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
Wardha Road, Gavsi Manapur, Nagpur

ST. VINCENT PALLOTTI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

CERTIFICATE
Certified that this project report “PREPARATION OF BIODIESEL FROM WASTE COOKING OIL” is the bonafide work of RITESH SHUKLA, CIBY NINAN, ANKUSH DESHMUKH, PANKAJ SINGH BAIS who carried out the project work under my supervision in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Engineering in MECHANICAL ENGINEERING of RASHTRASANT TUKADOJI MAHARAJ NAGPUR UNIVERSITY, NAGPUR.

Prof. A.D. PACHCHHAO Prof. SUSHANT S. SATPUTALEY HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT GUIDE Mechanical Engineering Assistant Professor Mechanical Engineering

PRINCIPAL
ST.VINCENT PALLOTI COLLEGE OF ENGINERING AND TECHNOLOGY Wardha Road, Gavsi Manapur, Nagpur

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The sign of relief, which one gives out of completion of his work, comes out with deep sense of gratitude for those who have been instrumental in bringing about the completion. Though words are insufficient to express his gratitude still one does give it a try, so we will. We take this opportunity to express our sincere thanks to our guide Prof. Sushant S. Satputaley, Assistant professor, In Mechanical Engineering Department and Prof. Ganvir, professor in petrochemical department in Laxminarayan Institute of Technology, Nagpur for his valuable guidance, practical suggestion and encouragement to bring about this completion of this project. We feel highly obliged to Prof. A.D. Pachchhao, Head of the Mechanical Engineering Department, St. Vincent Pallotti College of Engineering and Technology, Nagpur, for his encouragement in completing this project. Finally we would like to thanks our well-wishers, critics who helped us directly or indirectly in completion of our project.

ABSTRACT
The fuel prices are sky rocketing day by day and fossil fuel are at verge of depletion in coming few decades. Since our country is not self-dependent in energy source and every year huge amount is spent in fulfilling these demands. So, we should focus on finding new alternate source of energy and government have taken initiative and invested money in the research and development in the field of non-conventional source of energy like solar, wind, biogas, biomass biodiesel etc. In the project we focused on the production of biodiesel from waste cooking oil. Biodiesel is an eco-friendly and also renewable in nature .The preparation of biodiesel from waste cooking oil is cheap and the source is conveniently available from restaurant and hotel. Biodiesel is prepared from the trans esterification process which involves two step- acidic esterification in which oil (1litre), solution of sulphuric acid and methanol is heated at 60° C for1-2hours at 350 rpm and in second step, trans esterification reaction is carried out in which above obtained mixture is heated at 50° C with additional amount of methanol and catalyst for 1-2 hours at 350 rpm. After completion of reaction it is kept for settling for 8-10 hrs and glycerol is separated from biodiesel. The prepared biodiesel is tested for some important property of fuel like calorific value, viscosity and density. The above properties are tested from Mahabal...
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