Preferred Model of Addiction
Which model of addiction appeals to you and why?
The Biopsychosocial model (Fisher and Harrison, 2012) is the best selection. It views the causes of chemical dependence from a multi-determined perspective by taking into account the pathological interrelationship between physiological, psychological and social influences. In simpler terms, it identifies the correlation between heavy drinking or drug use and the experience of serious life problems (p. 49) that underlies the DSM-IV (2011) diagnosis of substance abuse - a cluster of cognitive (thinking), behavioral, and physiological symptoms, which indicate that the individual continues use of a psychoactive substances in-spite of any significant substance-related problems, and of which is virtually impossible for the user to avoid while falling into a pattern of repeated self-administration. Chemical dependence becomes, then, the result of tolerance, cyclical due to the pain of withdrawal and seen as the compulsive drug-taking behavior or habits that develop.
Supportive reasoning for choosing this model is verified by Okasaka, Morita, Nakatani and Fujisawa’s (2008) who illustrate the social/emotional pathological evidence between addictive behavior and mental health that are affected by the intensity of routine stress, the lack of acceptance from others, as well as feelings devoid of purpose in life. Malow, Pintard, Sutker and Allain (1998) illustrate a greater degree of psychological relativity for the appropriateness of a biopsychosocial choice by defining the relationship between drug use, motives and the psychological typologies that emerge - self medication and/or recreation. This study also underwrites a reliable picture of psychological subtypes within and across alcohol and drug abusers, categorizing mental health issues of comorbidy, describing the potential for antisocial, neurotic, mixed...