Predictive Policing

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Latoria Wilson
Dr. Robert Culver
CIS 500
Predictive Policing
4/19/2013

Introduction
For decades, businesses have used some type of data analysis to predict marketing and industry trends. Wal-Mart, for example, notices through data analysis that when there’s a major weather event there’s a demand for three items: duct tape, bottled water, and strawberry pop-Tarts. So because of that information, the shelves are always fully stocked when there’s a major weather crisis in the area. So now the police started using a similar data analysis which will make their work more efficient. The similar data analysis in which the law enforcement is call predicative policing. Predicative policing basically predicts future crime by taking data, analysis the information, and use the results to prevent and respond more effectively. In this report, we look at the how predictive policing is helping the law enforcement with predicting future crime and how IT and IS technology will provide the information needed to provided the law enforcement with better and efficient information about crime.

Compare & Contrast Predictive Policing
From the early 1800’s, police patrolled the streets to prevent crimes, interrupt crimes in progress, and apprehend criminals. However during the 1960’s and 1970’s, there was a major decrease in police patrolling and crime investigation. During that decade, there was the civil right movement, antiwar sentiments, and the increase in violent crimes that created a major demand for the police. So the community policing was created to bridge the gap between the police and the communities. In recent research studies, the community policing was showing a decrease in crime, but only by a little merge. By the 1990’s, a new idea call predictive policing was starting to show some light to the police issue. Now patrolling was going to remain the backbone of police operation.

Studies show that foot patrol are costly to the department and doesn’t reduce...
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