Predictive Policing

Topics: Police, Crime, Law enforcement Pages: 4 (1139 words) Published: October 4, 2012
Predictive Policing
Sowmyalakshmi Sampath
Dr. Robert Culver
CIS 500
July 12, 2012

Changes and innovations are essential part of every organization. Over the years policing community has also undergone many changes which help them shape police operations and protecting people and maintain law and order. This explains how information technology is used to develop crime control model like COMPSTAT ( Computer Statistics ) , how it implements basic functions of information system, its ability of quick response towards crime and its SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat ) analysis.

Information Technology and Performance optimization of Police department Increase in crime rate, which is widespread demands policing to be proactive rather than reactive. It requires change from traditional to strong stragtegical methods combined with better intelligence. This initially led to the innovation of predictive policing in 1994 by NYPD. NIJ defines Predictive Policing as “taking data from disparate sources, analyzing them and then using the results to anticipate, prevent and respond more effectively to future crime” (Pearsall, B. 2010, May). This paved way for evolution of COMPSTAT (Computer Statistics) which used all crime related data as its input to anticipate a crime. Findings of Willis, J., et al (2003) states Compstat combines all of the major prescriptions offered by contemporary organizational development experts with the latest geographic information systems technology. It also re-engineers police management by holding command staff directly accountable for crime levels in their beats. Furthermore, it uses sophisticated computer maps and crime statistics to facilitate timely and targeted responses to crime problems. (p.1) This practical model when put to test proved to reduce crime rates, enabling to act upon them on or before it happens which ensures public safety. Traditional methods include random...
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