Pre-History of Entre-Deux-Lacs

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The area of Entre-Deux-Lacs is divided naturally into the Northern coniferous forest and the Southern agricultural area. The division occurred as a consequence of glacial movement that displaced the fertile topsoil of the North and deposited it to the South. The first inhabitants were hunter-gatherers located in the northern coniferous forests; first known to be present in 1520 B.C.E. The second inhabitants of the area appear in the South roughly 1190 C.E. These migratory peoples brought with them new technologies and minimal agricultural practices. The interactions between the peoples of the North and South paint a picture of Entre-Deux-Lacs pre-history as a result of the environment.

Peoples of Site 3 (located north of Lake Nakawa) existed in occupations ranging from 1520 B.C. E. to post-1700s. They began as simple hunter-gatherers who subsisted on nuts, fish and deer. During these early occupations (1520- 1410 B.C.E.) tools included flaked pre-Cambrian metamorphic rock axes; indicating their relative primitive lifestyle. Although tools became more complex during the second occupation, real complexities, such as trade, began appearing in occupation three (270- 1240 C.E.). With the appearance of peoples in southern sites, trade can be inferred due to the presence in identical stone pipes found in all areas including Site 3. This is supported by further data including the use of tobacco in the North; grown only in the South. Therefore, it can be assumed that the peoples of each area had positive relationships; however, by the 1300s signs of conflict arose, possibly due to the rising economy of the south.

Palisades can be dated to the 1300s; which acted as blockades during conflicts. It can be theorized that as the agricultural society of the South (Sites 1 and 4) increased in population, technology, and territory they became less dependent on trade with the Northern peoples, this incited hostility in the Northerners towards the Southerners. Evidence from the...
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