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Chapter 23
Last Trip Abroad
From Dapitan To Manila
* July 31 1896
* Rizal and party left Dapitan going northward on board Espana * August 1
* At early dawn, they anchored at Dumaguete
* At around 1pm, they left Dumaguete heading to Cebu
* August 2
* Arrived in Cebu
* Was fascinated by the entrance of Cebu which he considered as “beautiful” * Left Cebu in the morning of August 3
* August 4
* Landed at Iloilo
* Went shopping in the city and visited the Moro

Rizal Misses Ship Going to Spain
* August 6
* Espana arrived in Manila Bay
* Unfortunately, Rizal was not able to catch the mail ship Isla de Luzon for Spain Because it had departed the previous day at 5pm * Near midnight that day, he was transferred to the Spanish cruiser Castilla

Outbreak of the Revolution
* August 19
* The Katipunan plot to overthrow the Spanish rule by means of revolution was discovered by Fr. Gil * Struck terror to the Spanish officials producing hysteria of vindictive retaliation * August 26

* Cry of Balintawak was raised by Bonifacio and his valiant Katipuneros * August 30
* Revolutionist led by Bonifacio and Jacinto attacked San juan * After the battle in San juan, General Blanco proclaimed a state of war in the first eight province for rising an arms against them (Tarlac, Cavite, Manila, Batangas, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Laguna). Rizal learned about the eruption of the revolution and was worried for two reasons: * The violent revolution which he sincerely believed to be premature and would only cause much suffering * It would arouse Spanish vengeance against all Filipino patriots

Departure for Spain
* August 30
* Rizal received from Gov. Gen. Blanco two letters of introduction for the ministers of war and colonies, with cover letter which absolved him from all blame for the raging revolution

* September 2
* The day before his departure, he wrote to his mother * At 6pm, he was transferred to the steamer Isla de Panay which was sailing for Barcelona, Spain

* September 3
* The steamer left Manila bay
* Rizal’s last to Spain began

Rizal in Singapore
* Arrived in the evening of September
* The next day, he and other passengers went a shore for sightseeing and shopping of souvenirs * Rizal was urged to stay Singapore and not continue his travel to save his life but he refused to because he had given his word of honor to Blanco and didn’t like to break it.

Chapter 24
Last Home Coming and Trial

* October 8, 1896- Rizal learned that the Madrid papers were full of stories regarding the revolutions in the Philippines and he was blamed from it. * October 11, 1896- Rizal’s diary was confiscated during his way to Port Said, his cabin was searched nothing significant was found. On November 11, 1896 his diary was returned.

Unsuccessful Rescue in Singapore
* Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor and Sixto Lopez dispatch telegrams to an English lawyer in Singapore named Hugh Fort to rescue Rizal when his arrive, by means of writ of habeas corpus * When the Spanish steamer arrived Atty. Fort instituted proceedings at the Singapore Court for the immediate removal of Rizal from the said steamer. * Chief Justice Loinel Cox denied the writ of habeas corpus on the ground because the steamer carry Spanish troops hence it is a warship of foreign power which under the international law was beyond the jurisdiction of Singapore Authorities

Arrival in Manila
* November 3, 1896- Rizal arrived at Manila
* Spanish authorities gather evidence against Rizal while Deodato Arellano, Dr, Pio Valenzuela, Moises Salvador, Jose Dizon, Domingo Franco, Temoteo Paez, and Pedro Serrano Laktaw were brutally tortured to implicate Rizal * Rizal owned brother was also arrested and tortured but never said anything...
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