Power Sector of Pakistan

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Bahria University Islamabad

CURRENT BUSINESS AFFAIRS

PROJECT

Energy crisis and its impact on agriculture sector of pakistan

Submitted to

sir anjum qureshi

Submitted by

kashaf a. khan

afia najam

hina aftab

fahim bangash

salma viqar

mba- iii (D)

Contents

Power sector of Pakistan1

General1

Main Electric Power Producers in Pakistan3

1)Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA)3

2)Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC)4

3)Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)5

4)Independent Power Producers (IPPs)6

Electricity Generation7

1)Hydel Generation:8

2)Thermal Generation9

3)Nuclear Power Generation10

4)Alternative / Renewable Energy:10

Import of Electricity11

Demand and supply of electricity11

Energy crisis12

Energy crisis and Pakistan:12

Intensity of existing power crisis13

Effects on People15

Agriculture sector of Pakistan16

Agricultural sector of Pakistan16

Land use16

Cropping patterns and production17

Contribution to economy – 2008-0918

Fisheries & Livestock production18

Non-comprehensive policies of pakistan19

Impact of energy crisis on the agriculture sector of Pakistan20

Acute shortage of water20

Electricity Outages21

Wheat shortages22

Food Security22

Fertilizer production23

Other problems24

Recommendations25

References31

power sector of pakistan

General

Pakistan having about 30% standby electricity few years back in 2003-04, has been facing a severe power crisis for the last three years. The present crisis is considered to be the worst of four such crises that Pakistan has been facing since 1974.

Due to a fast growing demand, high system losses and seasonal reduction in the availability of hydropower, the gap between the demand and supply of electricity is resulting in routine load shedding. Inadequate power generation capacity is just one of the factors affecting power supply. The average short fall in the supply demand gap is between 3500-4000 MW.

The continuing shortage of electric power in the country is adversely affecting the national economy. Industrial productivity has gone down and the situation threatens badly the export performance and the ensuing balance of payments besides creating social as well as law and order problems in the country.

Main Electric Power Producers in Pakistan

The main electric power producers in Pakistan are Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Karachi Electricity Supply Company (KESC) and Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC, the operator of the two nuclear power plants). Besides these three main power producers, a number of independent power producers (IPPs) established since 1994 are also contributing significantly to the electricity sector of the country.

Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA)

WAPDA www.wapda.gov.pk the Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority, was created in 1958 as a semi-autonomous body for the purpose of coordinating and giving a unified direction to the development of schemes in water and power sectors, which were previously being dealt with, by the respective electricity and irrigation department of the provinces.

Since October 2007, WAPDA has been bifurcated into two distinct entities i.e. WAPDA and Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO) www.pepco.gov.pk . WAPDA is responsible for water and hydropower development whereas PEPCO is responsible for the management of all the affairs of WAPDA’s fourteen public limited companies in the areas of thermal power generation, transmission, distribution and billing.

Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC)

The Karachi Electric Supply Company Limited www.kesc.com.pk was incorporated on 13th September 1913 under the Indian Companies Act, 1882 as amended to date vide the Companies Ordinance 1984. The company is listed on Karachi, Lahore and...
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