Poverty Reduction in Pakistan

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Usman Dastgir
Usman Dastgir

Human Development in the 21st Century.
A Focus On Education
Human Development in the 21st Century.
A Focus On Education

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to PRSP……………………………………………………………………………………………. 2 2.1Importance of Education…………………………………………………………………………………….. 3 2.2 Education in Pakistan………………………………………………………………………………………… 4 2.3 Education & Poverty………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5 2.4 Spending on Education & Literacy Rates……………………………………………………………. 6 2.5 PRSP Expenditure on Education………………………………………………………………………… 7 3.1 Primary School Enrolment………………………………………………………………………………… 8 3.2 Middle School Enrolment…………………………………………………………………………………. 10 3.3 Matric Level Enrolment…………………………………………………………………………………….. 12 4. Problems……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 14 5. Recommendations……………………………………………………………………………………………… 16

1. Introduction to PRSP:
The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)–II draws upon lessons learnt during the implementation of PRSP-I and takes into account recent political, economic and social events, both domestic and international, which have adverse impacts on Pakistan. To steer Pakistan back on the path of sustained and broad-based economic growth and to create jobs and reduce poverty, Pakistan requires a prolonged period of macroeconomic stability, financial discipline and consistently transparent policies that place poverty reduction at the centre of the country’s overall economic policies. PRSP II consists of the following nine pillars: Pillar I: Macroeconomic Stability and Real Sector Growth

Pillar II: Protecting the Poor and the Vulnerable
Pillar III: Increasing Productivity and Value Addition in Agriculture Pillar IV: Integrated Energy Development Programme
Pillar V: Making Industry Internationally Competitive
Pillar VI: Human Development for the 21st Century
Pillar VII: Removing Infrastructure Bottlenecks through Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) Pillar VIII: Capital and Finance for Development
Pillar IX: Governance for a Just and Fair System
This report however focuses on pillar vi which is in regard to Human Development for the 21st century and mainly education is the focus.

2.1 Importance of Education:
‘Education is simply the soul of a society as it passes from one generation to another.’ Gilbert K. Chesterton

Education is very important for an individual's success in life. It provides pupils teaching skills that prepare them physically, mentally and socially for the world of work in later life. Education is generally seen as the foundation of society which brings economic wealth, social prosperity and political stability, all of which are currently lacking in Pakistan. It is an educated workforce and an educated generation that leads to development in the modern world. Main purpose of education is to educate individuals within society, to prepare and qualify them for work as well as to integrate people into the society and teach them values and morals of society. Education is an important aspect of the work of society and promotes knowledge and understanding of rural communities. One of the main focus of education is that it enables people to understand themselves. Students must be equipped with knowledge and skills which are needed to participate effectively as member of society and contribute towards the development of shared values and common identity. Education has a vital role to play in assisting students to understand their cultural identity and acts as a distribution mechanism of the cultural values from one generation to another. Investment in human capital, life-long learning and quality education helps in the development of society. Teachers are the most important factors for an innovative society because teachers' knowledge and skills not only enhance the quality and efficiency of education, but also improves the prerequisites of research and innovation. Many members of our society are not provided with a safe and...
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