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Poverty in Thailand

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ERD WORKING PAPER SERIES NO. 8
ECONOMICS AND RESEARCHDEPARTMENT

Anil B. Deolalikar

April 2002

Asian Development Bank

ERD Working Paper No. 8

POVERTY, GROWTH, AND INEQUALITY IN THAILAND

Anil B. Deolalikar

April 2002

Anil Deolalikar is Professor of Economics and of International Studies at the University of Washington. This paper stems from RETA 5923: Pro-poor Growth and Institutional Constraints to Poverty Reduction in DMCs. The views expressed in the paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the view or policies of the Asian Development Bank.

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ERD Working Paper No. 8 POVERTY, GROWTH, AND INEQUALITY

IN

THAILAND

Asian Development Bank P.O. Box 789 0980 Manila Philippines 2002 by Asian Development Bank April 2002 ISSN 1655-5252 The views expressed in this paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank.

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Foreword
The ERD Working Paper Series is a forum for ongoing and recently completed research and policy studies undertaken in the Asian Development Bank or on its behalf. The Series is a quick-disseminating, informal publication meant to stimulate discussion and elicit feedback. Papers published under this Series could subsequently be revised for publication as articles in professional journals or chapters in books.

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Contents
Abstract I. II. III. Introduction Previous Studies Poverty in Thailand A. Poverty Line B. Extent of Poverty and Changes in Poverty C. Regional Variations in Poverty Economic Growth, Inequality, and Poverty Reduction across Provinces A. Relationship between Levels of Poverty, Inequality, and Mean Income B. Relationship between Changes in Poverty, Inequality, and Mean Income C. Effect of Initial Inequality on Economic Growth Conclusions Annex 1: The Thai Socioeconomic Surveys References vii 1 2 3 3 4 6

IV.

8 9 12 14 14 15 15

V.

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ERD Working Paper No. 8 POVERTY, GROWTH, AND...