Poverty in India

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Assignment Cover Sheet
College of Health and Science
School of Biomedical and Health Science

Student name and number:| YAMINI KAPIL SETHI, 17609904|
Student contact phone number:| 0452457861|
Unit name and number:| Public Health Policy and Society 400416| Tutorial group:| Lecture|
Tutorial day and time:| Wednesday, 6 PM – 9 PM|
Lecturer/Tutor:| John Macdonald|
Title of assignment:| Poverty in India|
Length:| 3429 words|
Date due:| 10th May 2013|
Date submitted:| 10th May 2013|
Campus enrolment:| Parramatta|

Declaration:
I hold a copy of this assignment if the original is lost or damaged. I hereby certify that no part of this assignment or product has been copied from any other student’s work or from any other source except where due acknowledgement is made in the assignment. No part of the assignment/product has been written/produced for me by any other person except where collaboration has been authorised by the subject lecturer/tutor concerned I am aware that this work may be reproduced and submitted to plagiarism detection software programs for the purpose of detecting possible plagiarism (which may retain a copy on its database for future plagiarism checking)

Signature:______________________________________

Note: An examiner or lecturer/tutor has the right to not mark this assignment if the above declaration has not been signed.

Choose one social determinant of health that you think is important in a context you are familiar with.

Gerald (2012) in his journal article explained the connection of an individual with his total surrounding environment and individual’s living in that particular environment. Health in its general aspect can be defined as the active interactions of people with their social, cultural, economical, physical, and emotional environment. Marmot (2005) argued that state of absolute health cannot be achieved until and unless the social determinants that affect health of a person are considered. One such social determinant of health that I will discuss in this essay is “Poverty in India”.

Poverty
United Nation defined poverty as denial of choices and opportunities, violation of human dignity. It means lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. It means not having enough to feed and clothe a family, not having a school or clinic to go to, not having the land on which to grow one’s food or a job to earn one’s living, not having access to credit. It means insecurity, powerlessness and exclusion of individuals, households and communities. It means susceptibility to violence, and it often implies living in marginal or fragile environments, without access to clean water or sanitation (Gordon, 2005).

Poverty and poor health are inseparably connected. The ability to breast feed, attain education or attend school, make money to live or feed the whole family, work to grow food, all depends on the state of good health. Attainment of good health is a dream for poor people. Nearly 1.2 billion people globally live in extreme poverty, which is around $1 per day, and 2.7 billion live in moderate poverty, which is around $2 per day (Hossain, Goyder, Rigby, & Nahas, 2009). This income is so less that it cannot even help one to save against future costs of ill health or even to pay for health services today (Murray, 2006).

Extreme poverty interacts with health in many ways and undermines a whole range of human capabilities, possibilities and opportunities (Reading & Wien, 2009). There are various factors that are intertwined and constitutes to ill health. As we all know and understand that health inequalities that exist are the result of many overlapping and inter relating factors. Let me discuss these factors, which include social gradient, ethnicity, education, occupation, food, stress, health care services, women’s health, prenatal care, housing, mental illness, health behavior, government policies in...
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