* Poverty in Egypt
* Poverty and inequality measurement in Egypt.
* Demographic theory and population policy.
* Recommendations to promote the eradication of poverty in Egypt * Conclusion
Population, Poverty and Development: Egypt
The paper investigated the problem of poverty in Egypt, as it is growing in a dramatically rates, till it became one of the main reasons behind 25th of January Egyptian revolution, one of the most important factors that make facing the poverty problem in Egypt in a bad situation, is the growth rate of the population, which increase the complexity of measuring and facing the problem. Previous researchers concluded many recommendations to face poverty, but there is a gap, we need to link poverty and population together in our plan to face the problem, as families with large households, especially those who live in rural areas has high impact on increasing the percentage of poverty in Egypt due to the effect of poverty multiplier. The next section will discuss the problem which concerned about poverty and population in Egypt then the measurement of poverty in Egypt, after it a section for concluded recommendations to face poverty in Egypt with a conclusion as the last section. Demographic theory and Population Policy in Egypt
After 1952 revolution, over the course of the nineteen years of Nasser's rule, the regime Embarked on an ambitious program of populist political and social reform that included rural land reform, the nationalization of foreign companies, and eventually, the creation of a socialist state. Egyptian socialist planning, officially launched in 1961, aimed at eradicating the "backwardness" of the nation (attributed to centuries of Ottoman and then British colonial rule) and creating a modern citizenry capable of carrying out a program of national advancement. Overpopulation, which had largely been discussed in the pre-1952 era as an issue of rural reform, was taken up by the new government as a problem to be remedied by state-driven development. Although proponents of birth control continued to advocate on its behalf, the regime rejected contraception as a means to combat overpopulation in favor of a socioeconomic approach that held that development and modernization would eventually result in a decrease in fertility rates. Through state provision of the basic accoutrements of "modern civilization "-running water, toilets, electric lights-the rate of Egyptian peasant reproduction was expected to drop, further improving standards of living and aiding the process of Egypt's "transition" from a backward agricultural economy to a modern industrialized one, as had happened in Europe a hundred years previously. Egypt's new leaders were certainly not unique in drawing on a "transition theory" of demographic change. This was the preferred strategy employed by many leaders in the newly postcolonial world and the global South who sought remedies for social and economic ills in smaller populations. The late 1950s and early 1960s, however, saw a decisive shift from a socioeconomic approach to overpopulation to one based on family planning. Most damaging to proponents of macro modernization as a panacea for the population problem were the results of the 1960 census. According to census figures, by 1960 Egypt's population had reached 26 million and was growing at an annual rate of 2.34 percent, a significant increase over the 1.41 percent increase measured in the 1947 census. It was not simply that Egypt's population was continuing to increase hut that the rate of growth recorded by the census was the highest ever recorded in the history of Egypt. A theoretical work in demography being conducted by Frank Notestein and his colleagues at Princeton's influential Center for Population Research, U.S. demographers had come, by the mid-1950s, to view high fertility as an impediment to development rather than as a problem that could be remedied by it....