Poverty and Pollution Case
Dr. Cathy Parks
BUS 309 – Business Ethics
December 4, 2012
Poverty and pollution are both bad. Poverty is the lack of the things we need for everyday living. Everyone needs the following in order to stay out of poverty: food, water, shelter, education, medical care and security. People that do not have these items are considered below poverty. People that live in third world countries do not have access to these things. There are at least 4.4 billion people that live in these third world countries that are stricken by poverty. Out of the 4.4 billion three fifths or more do not have any type of sanitation. Over one third of these people do not have access to clean water. When it comes to having shelter there are about a quarter of them that do not have this. Modern health services can be very few to come by in a third world country. Over a fifth of these people do not have any access to a doctor or hospital. Many people in a third world country have never even seen the inside of a school. With this being said what can we do? We can help out by taking the time to be sure that we help everyone.
According to www.sln.org.uk people living in Europe and Central America who are living below the poverty line is 3.5%; Latin America and Caribbean is 23.5%; Sub Sarharan Africa is 38.5%; Middle East and North Africa is 43.1%. This goes to prove that all of the people that live in these countries need help.
So you may ask, what are some of the causes of poverty and pollution in these countries. One cause is trade third world countries have had some unfair trade agreements. These unfair trade agreements include the lack of technology and the rapid changing of the price for goods. Another cause is in-door air pollution. This type of pollution is caused by driving more automobiles. The number of deaths because of this is on the rise. According to Robert D. Bullard from Clark Atlanta University over 2.7 million people die each year for air pollution. He also says that 2/3 of the air pollution related deaths occur in rural areas. Over 3.5 billion people are exposed to these air pollutants in their own homes. Almost 2 million deaths are caused from exposure to stove smoke.
Some more of the causes of poverty and pollution are work and globalization, war, debt, land and health. Another leading cause of pollution is lead poisoning. Cars and trucks are responsible for about 90 percent of the airborne air pollution. About 40% of the world’s deaths are caused by organic and chemical pollutants. About 80% of these chemicals have never been screened to see if they cause cancer or cause nerve disease. All of these can cause the poverty line to dip in a third world country and the United States.
The reason some companies send their operations to third world countries is that they do not have to pay the employees the amount they would have to pay in the United States. They can get away with emptying the toxic waste into the ocean and other bodies of water and land fields and not get fired for it. Companies may believe that it is safe to do this but, they do not realize that they are polluting the land and the water. With pollutions in the water it affects people and animals. If the companies were to stay in the U.S. and they were caught polluting the air and water they could be fined and made to clean up what they have messed up.
The economic progress of poverty and pollution can be good and bad. The changes in the labor markets in third world countries have contributed to the increase of poverty levels. According to povertyhc.weebly.com the number of high paying job have declines and the demand for workers have increased. People that work these jobs have learned the skills either by working the job or by vocational programs. People who cannot afford these programs find it difficult to obtain these jobs. This is where third world countries...