Poverty and Pollution
Business and Ethics 309
March 07, 2013
Dr. Lila Jordan
Determine the ethical implications of businesses polluting in a third world country. The definition of ethics is individual character and the moral rules that govern and limit our conduct. It investigates our right and wrong, duty and obligation, and moral responsibility. (Shaw W. 2010) While researching for this paper I have found there are several different definitions of the word ethics. According to Lamb, Hair & McDaniel (2013) “ethics refers to the moral principles or values that generally govern the conduct of an individual or group” (p. 35). The ethical implications of businesses polluting in third world countries is whether to obey the moral laws that a person knows is right or to make money. Some businesses would rather act unethically and make money than to take responsibility for damaging people, land, animals, and other things. Another ethical implication is to abide by the rules that regulate polluting or take the chance of being fined for not abiding by the rules and polluting. Some businesses would rather be fined than abide by the regulations because it is cheaper for the business to pay the fine than to actually fix the problem. Another ethical implication is that businesses would rather pollute in third world countries because it is not harming their surrounding area in America. Businesses have the idea that it is more ethical to pollute in a third world country than to pollute in America.
Businesses have a responsibility to contribute certain moral obligations to its countries. In particular, when discussing pollution and protecting the country’s environment and the population, businesses are responsible in part to developing economic progress as well as protecting the environment. The ethical implications of businesses polluting a third world country are that the businesses are harming the lives of those in poorer regions, while at the same time making a profit. “Businesses damage the environment when they take natural resources from the Earth and dispose of waste. All of this is done within the natural environment, a kind of ecological system.” Shaw (2010). Most under-developed countries lack environmental standards and have inadequate environmental safety precautions, but businesses know that more developed countries, i.e. third world countries, are concerned about their health and safety and choose to dump their pollutants and toxins into these underdeveloped countries.
Suggest the reasons a business may conduct operations in a third world country and disregard any standards of pollution control.
There are still some countries outside of the United States that do not have standards of pollution control. Two countries that currently do not have standards of pollution control are China and India. The countries are responsible for upholding standards of pollution control for their own country. The United Nations has incorporated some aid by offering credits to the plants that qualify, which turns into money given to the plants for reducing hazardous pollution that emits from the plant. Currently “a small number of coolant factories in China that did not qualify for the United Nations carbon credits freely vent this dangerous chemical. And atmospheric levels are rapidly rising” (Rosenthal & Lehren, 2012, p. 3).
Another reason that a business may conduct operations in a third world country and disregard any standards of pollution control is that they bribe the country in order for their pollution to be overlooked. “Many contend that bribery is unpleasant but necessary part of international business” (Lamb, Hair & McDaniel, 2013, p. 39). Businesses take part in bribery in order to be overlooked by the country and not be reported for violations of standards that may be in place. According to...
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