Potential Hazards in Health and Social Care

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Potential Hazards in Health and Social Care: A Guide for Staff

By Gareth Barnes

Introduction

Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland is provided as an integrated service, this is a number of organisations who plan to deliver and monitor health care in NI. There are 6 Health and Social care (HSC) trusts in N. Ireland.

5 HSC trusts provide integrated health and social care services across N.Ireland;

Belfast HSC Trust
South Eastern HSC Trust
Western HSC Trust
Southern HSC Trust
Northern HSC Trust

These HSC trusts manages and administers hospitals, residential homes, day centres and other HSC services facilities, they provide a wide range of HSC services to the community. The main settings for health and social care are managed by these trusts. However, some residential care homes are privately owned but are monitored by the HSC services.

The 6th Trust is the Northern Ireland Ambulance service, which operates a single N.Ireland wide service to people in need, the trusts work with each organisation to deliver a quality service.

“To provide for all the qualities of service we expect for our families and ourselves”

These organisations include;

The Health and Social Care Board (HSCB), which is responsible for commissioning services, resources, performance and service management; identifying, and meeting needs of the N.Ireland population through local commissioning groups.

NI Social Care Council (NISCC) is the regulatory body for the social care workforce in Northern Ireland; they help increase the protection of those who are using the social care services, their carers and the general public.

The Public Health Agency (PHA) looks at the key functions of improving the health and wellbeing, and health protection of the public. They work in partnership with the local government, key organisations, and other sectors to improve health and wellbeing and help reduce health inequalities.

Patient and Client Council (PCC), this group is the independent voice for patients, clients, carers, and communities on health and social care issues.

So what are settings in Health and Social care you ask?

Settings in HSC are locations where an individual receives care services, this includes in their own home or in their own community.

There are 7 types of settings:

1. Residential Homes
2. Nursing Homes
3. Hospitals (range of services)
4. Clinic Surgeries
5. Day Care (where the elderly receive services)
6. Primary schools, pre/infant schools and crèches
7. And in public environments such as retail areas, swimming pools, public parks, sports grounds, beaches and transport.

What are nursing and Residential care homes?
These are services for people who can no longer stay in their own homes safely, even with the support of family and social services.

Residential care homes will provide accommodation, meals and personal care; such as with washing, dressing, toileting, getting up out of bed and chairs. Community nurses, such as district nurses, will carry out any of the nursing tasks that are needed.

Nursing homes provide the same services as the residential care homes. But they have registered general nurses present at all times to supervise nursing tasks that are needed and to make sure they are carried out properly. However, the residents within a nursing home are usually more dependent that those in a residential care home.

Continuing care is for people whose health needs are more complex and unpredictable and who require regular supervision at all times. Accommodations, personal and health care are provided by the health services.

What is a Hospital?
A hospital is a health care institution providing patients treatments by specialized staff and equipment, hospitals often, but not always, provide for inpatient care. Hospitals provide a range of services e.g. Royal Victoria Hospital Belfast (RVH) treats...
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