 Potential Hazard of Coal Mining and Hard Rock Mining

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1.1- Introduction Availability of natural resources and their proper application to overall development activities is the key factor for the economic growth of any nation. Bangladesh, though it is a small country of about 143,998 sq km, has a number of mineral resources within its territory. The mineral resources so far discovered are mineral fuels (oil, gas, coal, peat), hard rock, limestone, white clay, glass sand and heavy mineral sands. It was previously assumed that the geological setting of Bangladesh was more suitable for hydrocarbon accumulation than for any other mineral deposits as the greater part of Bangladesh is covered by thick alluvium. Nowadays, the assumption has been changed as it is proved by detailed geological and geophysical explorations that Bangladesh is rich not only in hydrocarbon accumulation but that it also has huge deposits of coal and hard rock in its north-northwestern part.

1.2- Mines in Study Area The northern part of Bangladesh has some natural advantage. Natural resources are one of them. Coal, hard rock, white clay, stone etc are found here. These natural resources are directly contributes in our national economy. Among various natural resource, only two natural resources and their management status was observed.  Hard rock- Maddhyapara Hard Rock Mining Company Limited (MHMCL), Dinajpur.  Coal- Barapukuria Coal Mining Company Limited (BCMCL), Dinajpur.

1.2.1- Maddhyapara Hard Rock Mining Company Limited (MHMCL) This company formed to accelerate the construction works of Maddhyapara mine and operate the Maddhyapara Hard Rock Mine Project of Petrobangla at Dinajpur in August 1998. The underground mine under construction at Maddhyapara targets for production of 1.6 million tons of construction rocks per annum. Until June 2000, 58% of the mine construction works were completed and the project was scheduled to complete construction works within June 2001. Currently the project authority is trying to extend the project completion period.

1.2.2- Barapukuria Coal Mining Company Limited (BCMCL) This company formed in August 1998 to operate the Barapukuria Coal Mine Project of Petrobangla with a target production of one million ton of coal from an under construction mine at Barapukuria, Dinajpur. Until June 2000 approximately 49% of the project works could be completed and the target completion was scheduled in June 2001. But the schedule is revised and it is expected that the mine construction will be completed with necessary facilities of commercial production in August 2004.

Hard Rock Mine and Coal Mine Area at Fulbaria, Dinajpur

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1.3- Map of the Study Area

Map-1: Location of Barapukuria Coal Mining Company Limited and Maddhyapara Hard Rock Mining Company Limited

Hard Rock Mine and Coal Mine Area at Fulbaria, Dinajpur

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1.4-Location of study area Both the mines are situated in Dinajpur district of Rajshahi division. Details location of these two mines are1.4.1- Maddhyapara Granite Mine It situated atVillage: Maddhyapara, Police Station: Parbatipur, District: Dinajpur. According to GPS (Global positioning system) reading it lies between 25°33'45" E and 25°33'39" N and the hard rock deposition area 25°33'53"N and 89°03'43" E.

1.4.2- Barapukuria coal mine It situated atVillage: Chowhati, Police Station: Parbatipur, District: Dinajpur. According to GPS (Global positioning system) reading Barapukuria Coal basin lies between the latitudes 25°3l'45" and 25°33'50" N and the longitudes 88°57'48" and 88°58'53" E. the total basin covers about 5.25 sq. km.

1.5- Objectives of the Study Tour 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. To To To To To To To To observe the geo-environment of mine area. know about the socio-economic condition of the people of the study area. observe the biodiversity of the study area. observe the impact of the hazards caused by mining. know about the potential hazards of the study area. know about the procedure of the mining operation....
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