Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Many people throughout the world suffer from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder also known as PTSD. This is a disorder that must be diagnosed and can be caused from a variety of reasons. “PTSD is classified as an anxiety disorder that develops in some individuals after exposure to an extremely traumatic event(s).” (Kazdin) One of the symptoms of PTSD is re experiencing the traumatic event. In most cases disruptive memories constantly occur relating to the trauma. Frightening dreams and nightmares are an example of memories that often occur. Flashbacks of the event are also something related to the disorder. Flashbacks can last anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours. (Kazdin) PTSD can occur in many different situations, with a large variety of people. It does not limit itself to any specific type of person. Diagnosing an individual with PTSD is not a simple process. The trauma experienced must be approved by a doctor to be considered a life threatening occurrence. Many physicians have such difficulty in diagnosing patients with this disorder. Since talking about the trauma may induce painful emotions many patients often refrain from talking about the event. When someone is unwilling to discuss their traumatic event, this is difficult to make an accurate diagnosis. Feelings such as guilt or shame are associated with the disorder which can make a person uncomfortable talking even to a professional. During the diagnostic process physicians often require the disturbance which can range from flashbacks to night terrors to last for at least a month. (Kazdin) Significant distress is also another requirement that most look for during the diagnosis process. Because there is little to no neurological proof of being inflicted with PTSD, physicians must work with a patient and must be able to fully understand how a patient feels and what they experience. Individuals with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder often may turn to substance abuse to help...
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