Post-Communist Democratic Transition Debates in Islamic World.

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Anna Czerwonka , International Business Relations

Post-communist democratic transition debates in Islamic world.

Twenty years ago the Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989. Approximately eight years ago, on September 11, 2001 as a result of the attack on a group of Arab Muslim activists in New York City's World Trade Center Twin Towers were destroyed. These two cases of destruction of the twentieth century, the twenty-first century, passing notes in history as the most important events in world politics, while deeply affecting, and later brought about a very important and fundamental discussions. In this context, two events occur after each one of the most important public debate has focused on democracy. Exacerbating the destruction of the Berlin Wall, the debate over democracy in the communist world, the former communist countries, authoritarian / totalitarian regimes on the experiences of the transition to democracy led to the creation of an enormous political science literature, the destruction of the Twin Towers reviving the debate on democracy in the Islamic world, in particular the relationship between Islam and democracy with fair evaluation of re-introduced. Both political and academic circles as well as immediately after the September 11 intense debate from the agenda of Islam and democracy in general, when there is nothing more than put forward by Huntington's "clash of civilizations" rhetoric has progressed in a parallel manner. In this context, Islam is often taken in the context of terrorism and extremism, whether or not Islam is compatible with democracy, and it focuses on the reasons, why the geography of the Islamic hatred and radicalism engendered discussed at length. The western end of the debate often superficial, biased and using a ton of incriminating the East end of the rejection of the accusations in the name of a defensive approach, albeit complex, and the superficial and biased approach of the West, this dish is held or amiyane words "oils, bread was placed on the" seen. Islam and democracy that emerged after September 11, and a separate work deserves were a more comprehensive discussion. With the destruction of the Berlin wall and loses legitimacy of the Communist regimes, especially in America and Europe since the early 1990s, academic studies in political science and related disciplines as a huge "transition to democracy" debate has focused on. On one hand, Journal of Democracy, British Journal of Political Science, Electoral Studies, Political Science Quarterly, Electoral Studies, Comparative Political Studies, World Politics, Journal of International Affairs, Foreign Affairs, Theory and Society, Slavic Review, Asian Ethnicity, Post-Soviet Affairs, the Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Communist and Post-Communist Studies Politic and reputable journals such as publishing numerous articles on the subject, the American Political Science Association annual meetings of scientific organizations such as the post-communist world heavily focused on different aspects of the process of transition to democracy . On the other hand, Western universities and regional research departments of political science, academics, undergraduate and graduate level courses on the subject, leading the transition to democracy had the opportunity to discuss the evaluation of different aspects and scientific methods. In particular democracy, the conceptual and theoretical framework for the field of democratic transition and consolidation in the region or regions covered with the transition process and the transition to the debate about speed, democracy and nationalism, including different applications and possible challenges of democracy, competing ideologies, political systems and institutions, political parties, elections and electoral systems, civil society organizations and organizational change and development, such as constitutions, debates, problems with the construction of the nation and the state,...
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