Post and lintel architecture is the creation of vertical supports, or posts, that hold up a beam, the lintel, which comes across the horizon. Many uses of this idea are the creation of windows, and doors. Once the beam is placed there, it then relies on the act of gravity.
One example of the post and lintel method is the Lion Gate at Mycenae. The Lion Gate is located in Greece. It was created about 1250 B.C. This gate is believed to be a tomb portal; it is the entrance to the city of Mycenae. There are two lions above a doorway facing each other. The lions are believed to be there to protect the city.
Another example of this construction is the Treasury of Atreus, also known as the tomb of Agamemnon. It is located on the hillside of Mycenae, Greece. It is known to have been created around 1250 B.C. The tomb is a simple display of post and lintel architecture with a triangle shape above a doorway. Inside this tomb is a beehive shape and was known to be the tallest dome for many centuries.
The Valley Temple, in the pyramid of Khafre is another example. It is located in Giza, Egypt. This temple was built about 2600 B.C. Inside the temple there are 16 pillars made of granite which demonstrate the construction of the post and lintel method.
The last example of post and lintel architecture is the Stonehenge. It is located in Wiltshire, England. The estimated dates of creation are anywhere from 3100 – 1100 B.C.E. The Stonehenge is believed to have served as a burial ground. The Stonehenge is roughly in the shape of a circle and displays many examples of post and lintel architecture.
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