Dr. Rajiv Dogra
Krishan Kumar, M. Sc, M. Phil (M& SP), PhD (Pur)
National Brain Research Centre, Manesar
Dr. Rajiv Dogra
Associte Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology
Post Graduate College and Medical Sciences, Rohtak
What is positive psychology?
Positive psychology (pp) is the scientific study of optimal human functioning. It alms to discover and promote the factor that allow individuals and communities to thrive. The new century challenges psychology to shift more of its intellectual energy to the study of the positive aspect of human existence and experience. A science of positive subjective experience, of positive subjective experience, of positive individual traits and of positive intuition promises to improve the quality of life and also to prevent the various pathologies that arise when life is barren and meaningless (Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi, 2000) At this juncture of material prosperity the social and behavioral sciences can play an enormously important role. They can articulate a vision of the good life that is empirically sound while being understandable and attractive. Psychology should be able to help document what kind of families result in children who flourish, what work settings support the greatest satisfaction among worker and how are lives can be most worth living.
Psychological articles examining negative states outnumber those examining positive states by a ratio of 17 to 1 (Myers & Diener, 1995). Thus the objectives of positive psychology is to begin to catalyze a change in the focus of psychology from preoccupation only with expecting the worst things in life to call for massive research on human strength and virtue and to ask practitioners to recognize that much of work they already do in the consulting room is to amplify strengths rather than repair the weaknesses of their clients. The major psychological theories have changed to undertake the new science of strength.
What positive psychology is not?
Practicing positive psychology does not mean ignoring things that need to be healed or de-emphasizing feeling like anger, vulnerability, sadness or worry. In fact it does take into account all these feeling, for even bad things happen to good people and good people can act badly and the negative feelings and thoughts often follow in aftermath.
It is necessary to understand optic\mal functioning at multiple levels, including experiential, personal, relational, societal and global. It is necessary to study: -The dynamic relations between processes at these levels -The human capacity to create order and meaning in response to inevitable adversity and -The means by which “the good life” in all possible manifestations that may emerge from these processes.
Potential applications of positive psychology include:
-Therapeutic approaches that emphasize the positive
-Educational and training curriculum that build on intrinsic motivation and creativity
-Enhancement of family life
-Improving work satisfaction, job design, consultation -Improving organizations
-Promoting these goals throughout the world
History shows that before World War II, psychology had three distinct missions: -Curing mental illness
-Making the lives of all people more productive and fulfilling and -Identifying and nurturing high talent
Right after the war, two events-both economic changed the face of psychology in 1946 the Veterans Administration was founded and thousand of psychologists found out that they could make a living treating mental illness. At that time the profession of clinical psychologist came into its own and in 1947, the National Institute...