Article: Positive Psychology: An Empirical Examination of Beneficial Aspects of Endorsement of Masculine Norms Author: Hammer, Joseph H.; Good, Glenn E.
Positive psychology is defined as a psychology aspect which focus on positive subjective experience, positive individual character, and positive promises to improve our quality of life and prevent the psychological illness that arise when life is like empty and meaningless.i Positive psychology is focusing on finding and nurturing genius and talent and making usual life more fulfilling,ii rather than only curing diseases when people face mental illness. It is a study of the positive, adaptive, creative and emotionally fulfilling aspects of human behavior.iii This article is about studying the relationship between North American masculine norms and some positive psychology strengths. North American masculine norms include concepts like risk-taking, dominance, and primacy of work and pursuit of status. Positive psychology strengths include personal traits like courage, autonomy, endurance and resilience. The methodology used is to conduct an experiment. The researchers invited 250 men who ranged from 18 to 79 and through listservs focusing on male-salient issues. They were then given a set of surveys about their characters like masculine norms and some positive psychological constructs. These surveys are designed by previous psychologists to examine different particular character. For masculine norms, the researchers used the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory (CMNI) to measure it. CMNI assesses conformity to 11 traditional masculine norms which is widespread in the United States. For those positive psychological constructs, they used a set of scales in the experiment, for example they used the Woodard Pury Courage Scale to assess the participants’ courage and the Endurance subscale of the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire to examine their endurance. There is also a method used to detect random or...
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