Positive and Negative Effects of Industrial Revolution

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DBQ- Positive and Negative Effects of Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution began in England in the late 1700’s. The Industrial Revolution was a time of new inventions, products, and methods of work. The results of the Industrial Revolution led to many short and long-term positive and negative effects. These results have been assessed from many viewpoints such as the factory workers, the factory owners, the government, and other people who observed the conditions in industrial cities.

One negative effect of the Industrial Revolution was the poor working conditions in factories which were a big problem during the Industrial Revolution. Many people worked in factories, which had very tight spaces and poor lighting. Many people became injured and sometimes died from these poor working conditions. In Joseph Hebergram's testimony to the Sadler Committee he stated that he had damaged lung and that his leg muscles would not function properly and will not support the weight of his bones due to the dust in the factories and overwork. This shows the harsh conditions that were present in the factories. The conditions were so bad that some people actually died in the factories. Hebergram stated that about a dozen died during the two and a half years he was there. The poor conditions also included the long hour’s factory workers had to endure. William Cooper was a ten year old boy and he had testified in front of the Sadler Committee. He was asked about the working hours and he stated that he had been working from five in the morning till nine at night. These children that worked at these factories had no time for anything other than working and sleep. None of these children were educated and most of them weren’t able to read or write. Cooper also stated that they were frequently strapped. This meant that at times when the children were not paying attention to their work, they were beaten . These horrible conditions led to the factory workers becoming...
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