Pos System

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銷售點系統(Point of sale簡稱POS),是一種廣泛應用在零售業界的電子設備,主要功能在於統計商品的銷售、庫存與顧客購買行為,零售業界可以透過此系統有效提升經營效率,可以說是現代零售業界經營上不可或缺的必要工具。

系統概述

隨著電腦系統的進步,零售業界開始嘗試使用電腦來管理店面的商品,在1970年代商品的條碼規格確立,製造商在商品出廠時直接印製條碼,而店家便可以利用此條碼來管理商品,這便是POS系統的主要功能。

POS系統除了電腦軟體外,通常要具備下列的硬體設備:收銀機、電腦主機、雷射掃描器、印表機,此外不同的零售業者為了管理的方便也會個別採用許多不同的裝置,例如:PDA或是其他特殊規格的手持式裝置,通常也具備網路以隨時傳輸資訊至企業總部。

當顧客結帳時,商家透過雷射掃描器閱讀條碼,此資料可以提供收銀機商品資訊,透過此資訊收銀機可以計算價格,而電腦主機便可統計商品的銷售狀況,有些業者還會順便要求職員輸入顧客的資訊,例如:年齡、性別等,也可以結合信用卡、會員卡等等來管理顧客資訊,從而可以瞭解顧客的行為,提供業者經營上的資訊。

POS系統通常與電子訂貨系統(EOS系統,Electronic Ordering System)、電子數據交換系統(EDI)、電腦會計系統相結合,可以給業者帶來莫大的效益。

Today's point-of-sale system (Point of purchase. Referred to as POS) is a widely used electronic devices in the retail industry, the main function is to of Statistics merchandise sales, inventory and customer buying behavior, retail industry through this system can effectively improve the operational efficiency, it can be saidis an integral part of modern retail industry operating the necessary tools.

With the progress of the computer system, the retail industry began to try to use a computer to manage the store's merchandise, established in the 1970s commodity barcode specifications, manufacturers of goods factory direct printing of bar codes, and stores they can use this bar code to manage commoditythis is the main function of the POS system.

In addition to computer software, POS systems typically have the following hardware equipment: cash register, the host computer, laser scanner, printer, in addition to different retailers in order to facilitate the management will individually using a number of different devices, such as handheld devices: PDAs, or other special specifications, usually also have a network to the corporate headquarters to transmit information at any time.

Customer checkout businesses through laser scanner to read the bar code, this information can provide the cash register product information, price can be calculated through this information to the...
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