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Port of Rotterdam

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Introduction
Port of Rotterdam is located in the city of Rotterdam in the Netherlands. The high importance of this port is indisputable. It is the largest port in Europe and one of the busiest ports in the world. It used to be the busiest port in the world since 1962 until 2004 but now this title was overtaken first by Shanghai and then by Singapore. Rotterdam until 2009 also appeared on the list of ten world-largest container ports in terms of TEU (twenty-foot equivalent units) handled. The size of the Port of Rotterdam amounts to 105 square kilometres and the length stretches to 40 kilometres. The port gives access to approximately 500 million consumers from different countries all over Europe. This paper has the aim of looking closer at some aspects concerning the Port of Rotterdam. Right after the introduction chapter, I would like to mention some historical facts about the port and area in which it is situated. In the following part I will present a few facts and figures regarding the Port of Rotterdam. The next chapter will be devoted to means of transport available from the port and possibilities of conveying goods depending on their final destination. After that the description of cargo types in the Port of Rotterdam will be made in the chapter ‘Characteristics’ together with mentioning some main industries for this city. The tasks, aims and specifics of the Port of Rotterdam Authority will be described in the following section. After that some possible changes and plans of development of the Port of Rotterdam will be featured and at the end a short conclusion will be made.

History
The Ports of Rotterdam history goes back to the 14th century. The port developed together with the city of Rotterdam, which turned from a small town into a major harbour city. Before 19th century, docks were built on the bank of the Nieuve Maas river. Because of the uncomfortable way into the port, with many small waterways in the delta estuary, the Rotterdam Port had in...

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