DBQ: The Granger / Populist Movement
Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A-I and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. Some of the documents have been edited, and wording and punctuation have been modernized. 1. There are split views on the Granger / Populist Movement; some historians believe that they were essential in the West for creating a democratic government that would help the common man achieve a place in society, while other historians believe that it set a horrible precedent for public regulation of private businesses and actually put limits on “laizze-faire”(untouched) democracy. Using the documents A – I pick a side and defend it. Document A
Source: Farmers’ Declaration of Independence, 1873.
We, therefore, the producers of the state in our several countries assembled…do solemnly declare that we will use all lawful and peaceable means to free ourselves from tyranny of monopoly, and that we will never cease our efforts for reform until every department of our Government gives token that the reign of licentious extravagance is over, and something of the purity, honesty, and frugality with which our father inaugurated it, has taken its place. That to this end we herby declare ourselves absolutely free and independent of all past political connections, and that we will give our suffrage only to such men for office, as we have good reason to believe will use their best endeavors to the promotion of these ends; and for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our fortunes, and our scared honor.
Source: Letter from Oliver Hudson Kelley, founder of the Grange, to other Grange officers urging the opposition of monopolies by the organization, 1868. Now is the time to sound the keynote of the Order. Sound it loud…it will take…Faith will remove mountains…Come down...
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