Population- a Boon or Bane

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YUVA VICHAR MANCH

Case Study:
Population is a boon not a bane

The demographics of India are inclusive of the second most populous country in the world, with over 1.21 billion people (2011 census), more than a sixth of the world's population. Already containing 17.5% of the world's population, India is projected to be the world's most populous country by 2025, surpassing China, its population reaching 1.6 billion by 2050. Its population growth rate is 1.41%, ranking 102nd in the world in 2010. India has more than 50% of its population below the age of 25 and more than 65% below the age of 35. It is expected that, in 2020, the average age of an Indian will be 29 years, compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan; and, by 2030. India’s population is rapidly going and if something is not done about it then there can be serious repercussions like: 1) Inadequate fresh water for drinking as well as sewage treatment and effluent discharge. 2) Depletion of natural resources, especially fossil fuels. 3) Increased levels of air pollution, water pollution, soil contamination and noise pollution.  4) Deforestation and loss of ecosystems that sustain global atmospheric oxygen and carbon dioxide balance; about eight million hectares of forest are lost each year. 5) Changes in atmospheric composition and consequent global warming. 6) Irreversible loss of arable land and increases in desertification 7) Mass species extinction due to habitat destruction.

8) Starvation, malnutrition or poor diet with ill health and diet-deficiency diseases 9) Poverty coupled with inflation in some regions and a resulting low level of capital formation.  10) Unhygienic living conditions for many based upon water resource depletion, discharge of raw sewage and solid waste disposal. 11) Elevated crime rate due to drug cartels and increased theft by people stealing resources to survive. I strongly believe that overpopulation is very bad for a country that is struggling to become a developed...
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