AP Human Geography Period 2/ Ms. Graef
Population and Migration Assignment Re-write
Botswana, located at 22.9906°S and 25.1557°E, is known to be the most advanced country in Africa, where poverty is common and at its worst. What makes this country covered, with a large wilderness and desert sand, a middle-income nation is its abundance of diamonds. Almost half of its economy is run off the selling of diamonds. It is the world’s number one diamond selling country, making Russia second. But with the Kalahari Desert covering most of Botswana, it is difficult for agriculture to exist but cattle. Botswana’s government is a multi-party democracy that makes it free of corruption. With little to no corruption in the government, there is a good human rights record. Botswana may be the best in Africa, but there is a different result when compared to the rest of the world.
581,730 squared km of earth make up Botswana which 2,098,018 people are in. 2,098,018 people may seem to be a big number, but if you compare it to the world which has more than 7 billion people, it’s clearer that it makes up a small percentage. Botswana only makes up of 0.3 percent out of the world population. In Botswana, there are 3.7 people per kilometer, but the physiological density, which is 463, is totally different. Botswana is mostly made up of desert which is not arable so the physiological density is much higher. Because Botswana is mostly made up of desert, there are barely any people who live in rural areas because most people live in the city where there are more resources, so the agriculture density of Botswana, which is 0.5, is low.
Though Botswana is doing great economically and politically, it is still in stage two of the demographic transition model. There is a high C.D.R. and a high C.B.R. in Botswana which makes it site on stage two. Unlike stage one though, there are more people surviving in middle age. One factor that makes Botswana have a high C.D.R. is the diffusion of the AIDS virus. Botswana use to have the world’s highest rate of HIV-AIDS infection, but now, Botswana has one of Africa’s most advanced treatment programmers. But because of poor medical care in the past, one in three adults have HIV/AIDS. The virus then spreads to other adults, then to children, cutting life expectancy and killing thousands. Botswana has a high C.B.R. because there are still some people in Botswana that are Bushmen and live on traditional customs. People tend to have more boys than girls because of religion.
Right now, Judging from Botswana’s population pyramid, Botswana lies on stage two on the Demographic Transition Model. I can tell that it is very close to becoming a stage three country. Botswana’s C.B.R. has already been decreasing to the point where it is already in stage three. Even though Botswana is doing well politically and economically, there is a large gap between stage three and four According to predicted population pyramids of Botswana, its C.B.R. will decrease by the year and there will be more people surviving at older ages because of improved medical care which lowers C.D.R. The progress towards stage four for Botswana is at a slow pace but I predict that it will reach stage four on year 2070 by comparing the population pyramid of Botswana in 2070 to the population pyramid of the U.S. in 2015. They are similar in both shape and actual statistics.
Migration patterns of Botswana have changed since it gained its independence from Britain in 1966. Back then, Botswana was a country that had a lot of emigrants, people who leave the country. Now Botswana is a migrant receiving country or in other words, gets a lot of immigrants. It is known to attract talented people from Africa and to be a haven for refugees, asylum seekers, and anti-apartheid from South Africa. Just recently, there have been a large number of illegal immigrants crossing Botswana’s borders because of the economic...