Bangladesh became a sovereign nation on 16 December 1971. The prior unification of East and West Pakistan into one nation was part of the partition of British India in 1947. Eventual polarization of policies and positions between the two regions culminated in difficulty in maintaining solidarity and resulted in separation. Bangladesh is the eighth largest country in the world in terms of population, but occupies a very small land area covering only 143,999 square kilometers or 55,598 square miles. The country is located in the northeastern part of South Asia between 20° 34” and 26° 38” north latitude and 88° 01” and 92° 41” east longitude, bordered by India in the west and north, India and Myanmar in the east and the Bay of Bengal in the south. Bangladesh is primarily an agrarian economy. Agriculture is the single largest producing sector of economy since it comprises about 30% of the country's GDP and employing around 60% of the total labour force. The performance of this sector has an overwhelming impact on major macroeconomic objectives like employment generation, poverty alleviation, human resources development and food security. This report is mainly based on the population growth and food production growth of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is an overpopulated country. After the independence of Bangladesh population was not very high. But now it goes at a significant level. The growth rate of population is now also remarkable. Most of the people in Bangladesh are living in the rural areas and they are deprived of education. Being uneducated they are not concerned about population growth, as a result growth rate of population are increasing day by day. The availability of technology and development makes them intend to urban areas rather than rural areas. So the cities of Bangladesh like Dhaka, Chittagong are being dense. At the time of independence in 1971, the population of Bangladesh was 79 million. In 1951, the population was 44 million; in 1961 the population was 55 million. In 1981 it was 90 million, 110 million in 1991, and at present at the end of year 2000, it is estimated to be 130 million. That is, in 30 years since independence in population of Bangladesh increased by 50 million. Population density at present averages 900 persons per sq km, the highest among the country states of the world.
Objective of the report:
The main objective of the report is to make the students know about all agricultural and population related concern about Bangladesh. The report enables student to know about the present population growth and the relation between agricultural production and population growth. To prepare this report students may need to use statistical software “SPSS”, another objective of the report is that make students familiar to deal with the software.
Limitation of the report:
The time provided to complete the report is very short. We did not get enough time to prepare this report properly. Although we, all the group members gave utmost effort to complete this report within reasonable time. Because of time limitation there may exists some errors. We had to face a lot of difficulties to collect required data and information. Information is not sufficient for us in the related website. We had to do some field work to gather information. Peoples around us were not so cooperative to help us. In spite of having so difficulties we successfully finished the report. 1.3
We collected data and information to prepare this report from secondary sources because of the limitation and the area of population. Mainly we collected data from two sources: •
Related Journal and report
We used statistical software “SPSS” to analyze our collected data. We also being helped from class lecture and study materials provided from course instructor.
Agricultural Scenario of Bangladesh:
Bangladesh is primarily an agrarian economy. Agriculture is the single largest...
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