Overpopulation and food shortages in countries such as India, Russia, China, and Indonesia have been a mortality factor since past centuries, and still to this day, these are the top countries having trouble with food shortages and overpopulation. This is why policies such as “the one child policy” in China have taken place. Overpopulation lowers the standard of living in a country, which is why most overcrowded countries are developing countries. In countries such as India, women are not given any power outside of the home; they are to live for their families, including husbands and children, thus seeing their children as economic assets. In countries such as the United States, women are given educational opportunities more than anything else; this is why they do not focus on having children, but in their career opportunities. As more women focus on their career, and less on having children, the population is controlled, and the economy is stable. I believe we should make every effort to reduce distress by combating disease and poverty around the world. We should also improve resource efficiency and pollution control so that standards of living can rise without negative impact. Some solutions to overpopulation may be empowering women in developing countries socially, legally and mostly economically in a manner that results in them having an equal say in reproductive decisions, and becoming more career-oriented. Education can also play a large part by modifying school programs to include information on population levels and implications for the future.
I happen to agree with Malthus’ Theory whereby societal improvements result in population growth which sooner or later gets checked by scarcity, disease, and widespread transience. But I also believe, he did not oversee or predicted the technological advances we have today, in his theory. Due to many technological advances we have today, food shortages and overpopulation will be a thing of the past, hopefully...
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