Population Distribution of India

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Population distribution is how people are dispersed over a given area. Population distribution is measured by persons per square kilometer. An area (or country) can be densely populated, which means there is a high concentration of persons per square kilometer, or sparsely populated, which means there is a low concentration of persons per square kilometer. The distribution of population can be influenced by both physical and human factors. Physical factors include relief, climate, vegetation, soil, natural resources, water supplies and natural roads. Human factors include economy, politics and social factors.

India’s population is not evenly distributed. The outer parts of the country have a higher population density than the center. The north east is the most densely populated area. The Northwest and center of the country are the most sparsely populated areas. The most densely populated places are cities in the northeastern part of india around the Ganges river, that leads to the sea, where the plains of Ganga are. These cities include Calcutta and Lucknow. Bombay, the most populated city in India, is located in the western coast of the country, in the Western Ghats. Another of the biggest cities, Bangalore, is located where the Penner and Palar rivers meet, in the south of India, in the verge of the Eastern Ghats. The capital, New Dehli, was placed in the north west of the country, where the Yammuna river flows, near the verge of the Plains of Ganga. One of the most sparsely populated areas is in the Great Indian Desert or Thar Desert, in the northwest, where the altitude is less than 200 meters and there are no great rivers flowing. The center of India, with no densely populated cities, is home to the Saptura and the Vindhyan Ranges, as well as the Deccan Plateau. The northeast part of India, where the Himalayas rise, is a very sparsely populated region.

India’s population is distributed in this certain way due to human and physical factors that affect...
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