Herculaneum and Pompeii were built in the Campania area at the bottom of Mount Vesuvius. They were both quite small Herculaneum being smaller then Pompeii covering only 12 hectares while Pompeii covered 66 hectares.
Many of the urban characteristics for both Pompeii and Herculaneum were very much Greek influenced especially with the architecture because they used the grid pattern of insulae’s, this would divide the city by narrow straight streets into 30-90 metre blocks (insulae’s.) In the insulae’s is where all the houses and shops were built. The location of these two spots was flowing with volcanic rock called basalt or tufa. The tufa was used to make the polygon blocks to build the roads and footpaths of the towns. There was sewage which would overflow the gutters at times so to prevent people from walking in this stepping stones were built and they are shown in the source 1.8 this showed advancement in the architecture of the Romans, although Pompeii’s sewage system wasn’t quite as good as Herculaneum.
In source 1.8 the street looks wide enough for traffic to go both ways and the Roman law was that the streets had to be no smaller then 5 metres wide and you can see that is what Pompeii abided by. In Herculaneum some of the streets were rather small some only 2 and a half metres wide but then others were around 7 to 8 metres wide and in Pompeii the main road was approximately 8.5 metres wide but some other streets varied in size. The Romans were very advanced because the put small white stones in the roads between the blocks which at night made the street more easy to follow because they were lighter then the dark stones and reflected from any source of light at night.
There were many gates in these towns the streets were usually named after these gates that appeared on the main thoroughfare. There was the Herculaneum gate, Nola gate, Marine Gate and the Stabaie gate in Pompeii and there were two main roads, the Via Stabliana, Via Dell...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document