Pompeii and Herculaneum

Topics: Volcano, Lava, Mount Vesuvius Pages: 14 (5425 words) Published: March 22, 2014
PLEASE don't steal! I worked on this really hard! And it can get you in trouble!! Pompeii Documentary
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3/3/14

Why is Pompeii so important? It's a destroyed city of people who died, and we can only tell how they felt in the people's last moments of their lives. They were frozen in the last seconds of their lives.

Everything there can tell us every detail of what happened when the town swarmed with life. Earthquakes. A massive eruption. Hail of pumice and ash.

Technology today is going to tell us why these people are stuck in their positions they are when they died over 2,000 years ago.

This frozen city has been excavated in the years.

Archaeologists have found this city frozen for over 2,000 years an opportunity to see what the people did before they died.

The lost city's great secret is about to be revealed.

How exactly did its population die?

And why were their bodies so preserved?

Investigation starts at the walls of the city.
Beneath what is thought to be a dead city, is the remains of three people.

Inside those dusty, dry casts, are real people who were walking around Pompeii, then running for their lives, and then died there. There is no other recorded casts like these in history.
Pompeii is unique for preserving the casts of the bodies.

As I was watching, the figure in the center is the largest man ever found in Pompeii. The figures on each side of this giant is a male and what is believed to be a young boy. Experts think that the two are father and son.

Life for children in Pompeii was hard. They were forced to work along side their parents, as the offspring of the wealthy went off to school.

If you look at a cast and think it as a person, it gives you a strange sensation of respect for these casts of the poor souls who died here. But if you look at them as a person, it gives them a bit of their life back. Even though they will never again breathe, it gives you the thought of respect.

Normally, scientists can find bones in mud, and such. But here, the bodies left strange casts, and I want to find out what was different here, and why these casts were left behind.

To find out what exactly happened here nearly 2000 years ago, and to discover why whole bodies were preserved, we need to travel back in time to the day of the eruption.

On the morning of August 24th, 79 A.D., just before mid day, powerful earthquakes rocked the quiet countryside around the mountain. Then at around 1:00 P.M. Vesuvius erupted. Giant plug of dirt and rock was thrown out of the volcano, and was hurled into the air. A huge cloud of ash and dust rose high above the volcano. The cloud was pushed nearly 14 kilometers into the atmosphere, forced up by a powerful gas and debris. The cloud spread across the sky like black ink. It was so dense that it blocked out the sun and turned the sky into night. And then came the downpour. Only this wasn't rain; it was a assortment of fine ash, rock and clumps of solidified lava and pumice. In less than an hour the eruption took almost 32 kilometers high. Every second one of the million tons of debris was pushed high into the stratosphere, then fell back down onto the terrified city. Pompeii was buried under a blanket of volcanic ash. As panic pursued, people tried to escape, but there was far worse to come. The volcano had other plans for the city, and it did not have it at its mercy. Today, Pompeii is unlike any other grave and ruins.

This is a city frozen in time.

It offers an unrivaled invite into life in the ancient world. But it lets us see the very people. The ones that walked these troubled streets. Things remain as just an exhibit in the museum. They are loaded with clues which can help persistent what scientists have discovered of how these people actually died. One thing is certain; it wasn't lava. At temperatures up to 120 degrees, molten lava leaves little or no human remains. So if the culprit wasn't lava,...
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