In Israel, the center of monotheism, only one God has been worshipped. As I read sections of the Hebrew, I came across verses that contradicted the idea of monotheism and started agreeing with claims made that God, Yahweh, had a female consort. This claim, that Yahweh had a wife, is not new. It became more prominent when a documentary by Francesca Stavrakopoulou, “The Bibles Buried Secrets Did God Have a Wife”1 was televised on BBC. Although this claim may seem outrageous and far-fetched, there are numerous amounts of evidence that the Israelites worshipped different gods and goddesses, one of whom was named "Asherah." I claim that God had a wife, but the way I introduce this idea comes in many steps. I first demonstrate that the omniscient god which in the Bible is said to be gender-less does indeed have a gender, a male. I then illustrate how Yahweh is none other than El2, Chief God of a Canaanite religion3, proposing that even though Judaism is said to be monotheistic, it was derived from a polytheistic religion. I then finally come to my main point that Asherah is the consort of Yahweh. I believe that many of the beliefs of Judaism came from the Canaanites, but later were severely cut off from its roots. Even though the scribes tried their best to hide the fact that God had a wife, they left behind some clues. Many claim that the asherah pole represents the Goddess Asherah; I present a new angle to this Asherah by proposing that Lady Wisdom is cleverly disguised as Asherah in the Bible. The best way to discover these clues is to look at the Bible as literature and not as monotheistic, religious scripture. I also realized that scribes could have written the Bible and altered it to conceal these major truths I try to bring forth; therefore I also use archeological evidence to support my parts of my claim. Francesca Stavrakopoulou’s research plays a huge part in my paper by providing new ideas and interpretations of these details, and also the Hebrew translations come from her. The male God, Yahweh
Though it is believed by many followers of the Hebrew bible that God is genderless, many verses in the Bible tell something quite different. From the beginning, In Genesis: 1:27, it states “So God created humankind in his image.” If Adam, who was made first, is a male then one can easily infer that God must also be male. Throughout the Bible masculine words are used to describe God. Another interesting fact to be noted is that the Bible openly illustrates God having a metaphorical wife. “For your Maker is your husband, the Lord Almighty is his name, the Holy One of Israel is your Redeemer; he is called the God of all the earth” (Isaiah 54:5), “As a young man marries a maiden, so will your sons marry you; as a bridegroom rejoices over his bride, so will your God rejoice over you” (Isaiah 62:5), and “Return, faithless people," declares the LORD, "for I am your husband. I will choose you--one from a town and two from a clan--and bring you to Zion” (Jeremiah 3:14) all show that God is shown to have a wife. The wife is not a female but the wife is represented as the people of Israel. There are other references where God is referred to be the husband of the Israel, the land. Why would a genderless God, have a wife? By claiming that God has a wife, it makes it evident that God must be the husband, a male. This proves that regardless what the Bible has of God being genderless, God did indeed was associated with the male gender and hardly ever as a female. From two different entities to one
In the Bible, God is referred to as Yahweh. But before God was named Yahweh, he was called El. El is also the Chief god in the Canaanite religion He was the father of the gods, and held the cosmos in order. The connection I try to make is that El, the chief god of the pantheon is the same El presented in the Bible. The major evidence is when Jacob dreams of Yahweh in Genesis 28. Jacob names the land...