Polymyalgia and Fibromyalgia

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  • Topic: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Paracetamol, Muscle
  • Pages : 2 (508 words )
  • Download(s) : 35
  • Published : November 4, 2011
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People are often puzzled if there is a difference between fibromyalgia and polymyalgia, because of the similarity between the names and symptoms. When someone is diagnosed with polymyalgia or fibromyalgia, he or she may become confused thinking whether these two are same. Since the term 'myalgia' implies 'pain occurring in the muscles', both of these conditions are characterized by an intense feeling of muscle ache. However, there is still a difference between fibromyalgia and polymyalgia. There is a significant difference between fibromyalgia and polymyalgia when we try to find out the causes of each disorder. Although the exact reason behind the development of polymyalgia is still unknown, many scientists believe that polymyalgia is another form of autoimmune disease, during which connective tissues become adversely affected by the immune system itself. On the other hand, fibromyalgia develops as a result of maladaptive sensory processing occurring in the central nervous system (CNS). This is why people suffering from fibromyalgia may become extremely sensitive to the unpleasant stimuli present in the environment. These people are also extremely sensitive to pain. Although many symptoms are common between fibromyalgia and polymyalgia, a difference is still there, since clinical manifestation of many symptoms significantly differs. The major symptoms of polymyalgia include severe form of stiffness and muscle ache in the shoulders, neck and hips. People suffering from polymyalgia may experience flu-like conditions as well. On the other hand, people suffering from fibromyalgia experience widespread pain all over the body. There are a wide number of tender zones in the body. Fatigue, poor quality of sleep, lack of concentration, headache and irregular bowel syndrome are the common symptoms of fibromyalgia. Both fibromyalgia and polymyalgia may occur more in women more than men, so there is no gender specific difference between fibromyalgia and polymyalgia. However,...
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