Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

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  • Topic: Menstrual cycle, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Anovulation
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  • Published : January 13, 2013
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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
HCS 245
Rebecca Johnson
November 12, 2012

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects women and causes them to have an imbalance of hormones (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, 2012). According to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – Topic Overview (2005-2012), “It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS may also cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it is not treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease” (para. 1). PCOS is very common and affects 1 out of 15 women (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – Topic Overview, 2005-2012). About Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (2012), reports that: “PCOS has been recognized and diagnosed for seventy-five years. There are many signs and symptoms that a woman may experience. Since PCOS cannot be diagnosed with one test alone and symptoms vary from woman to woman, PCOS has been known as the “Silent Killer”. Early diagnosis of PCOS is important as it has been linked to an increased risk for developing several medical risks including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart disease” (para. 1).

PCOS is linked to changes in the hormones estrogen, progesterone and androgen. Estrogen and progesterone are the female hormones that help the ovaries release eggs and androgen is a male hormone that is found in small amounts in women (Polycystic ovary syndrome, 2012). There is no concrete answer about why hormones get out of balance in PCOS. Signs and symptoms that may indicate a woman is dealing with PCOS are: * Acne

* Weight gain and trouble losing weight.
* Extra hair on the face and body.
* Irregular periods.
* Fertility problems.
* Thinning hair on the scalp.
* Enlargement of the clitoris.
* Deeper voice.
* Decreased breast size.
* Dark or thick skin around armpits, groin, neck...
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