Pols Study Guide 1

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3 Branches- Executive- President, Cabinet. Legislative- Senate, H.O.R., congress. Judicial- Supreme Court. Alexis De Tocqueville- dont worry about one, worry about large groups. Civil Disobedience-obey the law. Obey the law but work legally within the system. Peacefully violate & consequences- boycotts. Violently opposing the law- Terrorism. Democratic Theory- General public/ Elections/ Public opinion polls Democratic Values- Majority rule, minority rights, freedom of expression, public goods, equality.. Checks and balances. Direct Democracy- public>policy (everyone can vote-props).

Max Webber- German, sources of Legitimate authority. Factors of govt tradition, legality, and charisma and force. Paradox of Democ.- Majority rule vs Minority rights. (E.R.A) Pluralist Theory- Many groups fighting over policy/ resources/influence. Healthy competitive balance. Nobody dominates. Political Power- controls decisions (forcing someone to do something) Political Science-Study of government institutions & societies' key decision makers Politics-Distribution of resources: Who? Interest groups, political parties, elected officials, voters... What? Public policy decisions, When/ How? Decision making process (campaign, lobbying, debates). Power- Elite Theory- Small dominate& control/ corporate (mcdonalds)/ military(policy advice) / political(jerry brown) Preamble Goals- Establish justice- ensure domestic tranquility- provide for the common defense- promote general welfare- secure the blessings of liberty. Public Goods- set up by the govt. w/ tax dollars. (s.s., school, postal, healthcare, military, retirement, environmental protection) Representative Democ.- Public>govt officials>policy (larger populations-presidency) Types of Govt.- Monarchy- hereditary- royal family. Dictatorship- personal, public, military. Democracy- more public input (elections) Melting Pot- macrocultural (large) focus. Blending of various groups into greater while. (Religion, Race, Backgrounds). Americanization- assimilation, co-optation- forcing to conform. Salad Bowl- microcultural (small) focus. Distinctive characteristics of the various groups that make a greater whole. (heritage, cultural) Population Trends- Aging society. Baby boomers retiring. Changes in political agenda. Values- Moral compass. Right/ wrong. Good/ Bad. (hard to change) Beliefs- Perceptions of true/ false. (hard to change)

Attitudes- Likes/Dislikes. Pros/Cons. Favor/ Oppose (can change) Order- Thomas Hobbes- Neg. view of human nature. Strong govt/ military/ police, Strict laws. Freedom- John Locke- natural rights. Life, liberty, property. Thomas Jefferson- inalienable rights (protects our rights). Political/ econ freedom. Life, liberty, pursuit of happiness. Equality- Karl Marx- communist manifesto (economy inequality- need to distribute wealth fairly) Social Contract- Govt- protects our rights, provides structure, provides public goods. Public-Obey law. Loyal. pay taxes, jury duty Libertarian- max individual freedom: Econ& Social. Free market Populist/ Communitarian- Big Govt role. More rules and regulations over private sector. Social order. Econ Equality. Liberal- Social freedom & Econ equality. Personal privacy & safety net welfare state programs. Conservative- Social Order& Economic Freedom. Traditional values, free market capitalism. Socialism- left govt ownership of economic- goal equality- but not. Fascism- right. Race/state is supreme over individuals. (ethnocentrism, master race, militarism, imperialism- hitler)Left&Right- left= liberal, progressive, socialist. Right= conservative, traditional, anticommunist.

Constitutionalism- perspective of setting up a govt for a society using a “blue print/ guideline constitution” New World Settlement- the USA was a part of this
1st Contin Congress- 12delegates /13 colonies- 1774- protest british interference in american affairs. Declaration of Independence- Jefferson revised it. July 4,1776- rights of individuals, government& right of rev....
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