Pollution on the High Seas

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Case Title: Pollution On the High Seas

Case Study Specialist for The Center for Sociological and Ethical Responsibility

Executive Summary
Since the shipping industry accounts for the transportation of more than 90 percent of the worlds products by volume it’s no wonder the seas are becoming an environmental responsibility of the very companies who use this resource to make money. Many of these companies are using bunker fuel which releases more sulfur dioxide than all of the world’s cars, trucks and buses combined. The most cost effective and simplest solution to this problem is to have shipping companies start using altered bunker fuel which will reduce the nitrogen-oxide emissions effectively reducing air pollution and having the quickest positive impact on the environment. It has been proven that companies that have developed a Corporate Social Responsibility program are more profitable than those who don’t have a CSR. The International Maritime Organization is responsible for setting guidelines for shipping companies to follow, however the guidelines are very difficult to enforce.

Many cargo and cruise ships face environmental challenges within their business functions. There is the social and ethical responsibility of protecting the environment along with providing cost effective sea faring transportation services. Ships using bunker fuel are creating large amounts of nitrous-oxide emissions which pollute the air, high-grade fuel is available which burns cleaner but is more expensive than bunker fuel. Key Issues

Issue 1:
Lack of regulation and the ability to enforce environmental protection laws in the sea faring cargo shipping and luxury cruise liner industries is affecting the environment. Environmental agencies are very concerned that the damage to the environment will dramatically escalate. “In 1990 land based sulphur dioxide emissions in Europe were about 10 times higher than sea- based emissions; by 2030, sea-based emissions will exceed land-based emissions” (Griffin, Ebert, Starke & Lang, 2011 p.102). Inspections of ships should be conducted to ensure conformity to the International Marine Organization standards. Violators against the regulations should be penalized. Although cruise lines and cargo shipping are different industries, they both need to share the same social responsibility in protecting the environment. Regardless of the industry there needs to be a common commitment to protecting the environment. The following is the environmental policy of Maersk Line. (Internet, Maersk Line). Our environmental policy

In Maersk Line we believe container shipping is about creating real and long lasting opportunities and we advocate a balanced, sustainable approach to our business. Although moving goods by sea is the most energy efficient and environmentally friendly mode of transportation, we acknowledge that our energy consumption and emissions as a container shipping line are significant. Therefore Maersk Line aim to make containerised transportation even more environmentally friendly and cost efficient by continuing to work with and engage all of our stakeholders. For Maersk Line, protecting the environment is a question of constant care – in the way we use resources, optimise operations and handle waste. Operating vessels in an environmentally sound manner requires a balanced and sustainable approach to long-term economic growth. Our vessels are at the industry forefront in fuel efficiency and implementation of environmentally friendly technologies and we continue to explore ways to improve. Our environmental policy is developed and governed by a dedicated department in Maersk Line – Health, Safety, and Environment – and is deeply engrained in the core values of our company. | |

The following is the Health, Environmental, Safety and Security Policy of Carnival Corporation &PLC (Internet, Carnival Corporation).

Health, Environmental, Safety &...
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