Pollution in Bahrain

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Introduction
Bahrain is located on the South shores of Arabian Gulf . It lays in between latitudes 25 and 26 North and longitude 50 and 51East . The country is 22km off the Eastern Coast of Saudi Arabia and slightly further from the Western coast of the Qatar Peninsula . The country is linked with Saudi Arabia through the King Fahad causeway which was opened in November 1986 . The state comprises of 36 islands with a area of 665 square kilometers . Manama is the capital city . The country is generally rocky and bare . 2 .82 of Bahrain land is arable . Its economy is mainly oil driven .

Background
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the environment . Those contaminants bring about instability , dis , harm or discomfort to the physical systems or living organisms there in . Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy such as noise , heat or energy . Just like many industrialized countries , Bahrain faces environmental challenges resulting from pollution . This tries examines those challenges and related impacts .

Problem statement
Oil-spills and other discharges from large tankers , oil refineries and distribution stations have damaged Bahrain 's coastlines , coral reefs and sea vegetation . No natural fresh water resources exist in the country . Ground water and sea water are the only sources of water for all the country 's needs . In other areas , industrial pollutants have contaminated water sources with heavy metals . Agricultural development has been neglected and limited arable land degraded .

Erosion of farm land has enhanced desertification . Those challenges need to be addressed urgently .
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