Air and water pollution that have significantly increased in recent days influence on citizens related to their health and quality of life. In particular, according to the UN Habitat (2010), transport becomes one of the main factors that lead to the serious air pollution problems in Bangkok. The increasing number of motor vehicles from 600,000 in 1980 to more than 5 million in 2007 has contributed to the hazardous level of pollution. In addition, the use of bio mass and transportation are the causes of the deterioration in quality of air in Dhaka (World Health Organization Bangladesh, 2010). Due to the lack of safe water supply and ineffective sanitation, inhabitants have to face the arsenic issue, which impacts on the health of approximately 35 million people. Although Melbourne is the city of the developed country, its environment is polluted because of the rapid development in economy and industry. It is illustrated that Melbourne is suffering from the industrial waste and emissions from vehicles, which contain several pollutants such as particulate matter, ozone, and nitrogen dioxide. The Yarra River remained polluted by litter and domestic rubbish. Moreover, there is the difference in the quality of service between the urban and rural areas, which has affected... [continues]
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