Politics of Bangladesh

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  • Topic: Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
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  • Published : December 18, 2012
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Political parties and elections
For other political parties see List of political parties in Bangladesh. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in Bangladesh. See also: Bangladesh Election Commission

The threemajor parties in Bangladesh are the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) and Bangladesh Awami League and Jatiya Party. BNP finds its allies among some Islamist parties like Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh while the Awami League aligns itself traditionally with leftist and secularist parties. Another important player is the Jatiya Party, headed by former military ruler Hossain Mohammad Ershad. The Awami League-BNP rivalry has been bitter and punctuated by protests, violence and murder. Student politics is particularly strong in Bangladesh, a legacy from the liberation movement era. Almost all parties have highly active student wings, and students have been elected to the Parliament. Three radical Islamist parties, Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh (JMJB) and Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), Harkatul Jihad were banned in February 2005 on grounds of militancy and terrorism.[3] Following the first series of bans, a series of bomb attacks took place in the country. The evidence of staging these attacks by these extremist groups have been found in the investigation, and hundreds of suspected members have been detained in numerous security operations, including the head the of those two parties in 2006. The first recorded case of a suicide bomb attack in Bangladesh took place in November 2005.[citation needed]. Extremist groups Shahadat-e-al-Hikma Bangladesh and Hizb-ut-Tahrir Bangladesh were banned on 22 October 2009 by the government, as the group was trying to destabilize the country by stoking the army after the 2009 BDR mutiny. General Election, 1970

National Council Election, 1970
The election was held on 7 December 1970. The total number of voters were 29,479,386. The number of casting votes was 17,005,163 (57.68%), the valid casting votes was 1,64,54,278.[4] The summary of the National Council Election, 1970

Serial| Political Party| Total Candidates| Seats| Votes| Percentage| Symbol| 1| Awami League| 162| 160| 1,23,38,921| 74.9%| Boat| 2| PDP| 79| 1| 4,83,571| 2.9%| |
3| Nijame Islami| 49| 0| 0| 0%| |
4| Jamaat-e-Islami| 70| 0| 9,91,908| 6%| |
5| Pakistan Muslim League (Convention)| 93| 0| 4,64,185| 2.8%| | 6| Pakistan Muslim League (Kou)| 50| 0| 2,74,453| 1.6%| | 7| Pakistan Muslim League (Kayum)| 65| 0| 1,75,822| 1%| | 8| National Awami Party (Wali)| 39| 0| 3,10,986| 1.8%| | 9| Independent (politician)| 114| 1| 5,61,083| 3.4%| | Provincial Council Election, 1970

The election was held on 17 December 1970. The percentage of casting votes was (57.69%), and the number of reserved women seat was 10.[5] The summary of the Provincial Council Election, 1970
Serial| Political Party| Total Candidates| Seats| Votes| Percentage| Symbol| 1| Awami League| 300| 288| | 89%| Boat|
2| PDP| | 2| | 1%| |
3| Nijame Islami| | 1| | | |
4| Jamaat-e-Islami| | 1| | 3%| |
5| Pakistan Muslim League (Convention)| | 0| | 1%| | 6| Pakistan Muslim League (Kou)| | 0| | 0.05%| |
7| Pakistan Muslim League (Kayum)| | 0| | 0.05%| |
8| National Awami Party (Wali)| | 1| | 0.9%| |
9| Independent (politician)| | 7| | 5%| |
First General Election, 1973
The election was held on 7 March 1973. Total number of voter=3,52,05,642; Cast votes=1,93,29,683 (54.9%); Valid casting votes=1,88,51,808 (53.54%); Reserved Women Seats=15.[6] e • d Summary of the 07 March 1973 Bangladeshi Jatiyo Sangshad election| Serial| Party| Total Candidates| Seats| Votes| %| Symbol| 1| Awami League| 300| 293| 1,37,93,717| 73.2%| Boat| 2| Jatiyo Samajtantrik Dal| 237| 1| 12,29,110| 6.52%| Torch| 3| National Awami Party (Mozaffar)| 224| 0| 15,69,299|...
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