“Politics and the English language”
1. This piece is written basically just to criticize bad writing and also to criticize the downgrade of the English language. In the essay Orwell argues that “our language is probably curable”. The main point is just to show examples of how the language has deteriorated and also to give some pointers on how it can be fixed.
2. Throughout the essay the author’s tone is that of aggravation because the entire piece is basically a scolding speech to the way we use our language to express our feelings and meanings behind what we say. In the piece, the author uses a lot of Parenthesis just to add small thoughts or opinions into a particular sentence. A few examples would be, “It is easier- -once you have the habit- -etc... in this sentence, “once you have the habit”, is added just to better the reader’s understanding of the point that Orwell is trying to get across. Another scheme used is chiasmus, in the second paragraph this is shown by the sentence, “A man may take a drink a drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fail all the more completely because he drinks”. In paragraph 10 both a rhetorical question and a parenthesis are used at the same time, “(what is a “rift,” for instance?)” this is both a side thought and a question to the audience to make them think. The thesis of the essay, I believe is stated in paragraph 2. The thesis is, “if one gets rid of these habits one can think more clearly, and to think clearly is a necessary first step toward political regeneration”. I believe this is the thesis because basically the rest of the piece is based around ways to regenerate the language.
3. The language used to write this essay, in my opinion, is very descriptive and vivid. Some examples of the descriptive language used are personification, some puns and many similes. An example of a pun in this piece I also used and called a chiasmus, “a man may take a...
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