The term ‘socio-political’ signifies the combination of social and political factors. These are issues that regulated by political policy that affect whole societies. The first known use of the term “socio-political” was in 1884. Political sociology was traditionally concerned with how social trends, dynamics, and structures of domination affect formal political processes, as well as exploring how various social forces work together to change political policies. SOCIAL FACTORS
Following are some social factors that affect the political processes. * Poverty
Poverty is the deprivation of food, shelter, money and clothing that occurs when people cannot satisfy their basic needs. Poverty can be understood simply as a lack of money, or more broadly in terms of barriers to everyday life. * Communicable disease control
To promote and support the prevention and control of communicable diseases the focus is on diseases: * With infectious causes;
* With human to human transmission of disease;
* Which are community acquired;
* Which are reportable under The Public Health Act.
This responsibility is carried out in collaboration with others involved with the identification and management of communicable diseases. * Radioactive waste disposal
Radioactive wastes are wastes that contain radioactive material. Radioactive wastes are usually by-products of nuclear power generation and other applications of nuclear fission or nuclear technology, such as research and medicine. Radioactive waste is hazardous to most forms of life and the environment, and is regulated by government agencies in order to protect human health and the environment. * Food safety
Food safety is a scientific discipline describing handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent foodborne illness. This includes a number of routines that should be followed to avoid potentially severe health hazards. Food can transmit disease from person to person as well as serve as a growth medium for bacteria that can cause food poisoning. In developed countries there are intricate standards for food preparation, whereas in lesser developed countries the main issue is simply the availability of adequate safe water, which is usually a critical item. In theory food poisoning is 100% preventable. The five key principles of food hygiene, according to WHO are: * Prevent contaminating food with pathogens spreading from people, pets, and pests. * Separate raw and cooked foods to prevent contaminating the cooked foods. * Cook foods for the appropriate length of time and at the appropriate temperature to kill pathogens. * Store food at the proper temperature.
* Do use safe water and cooked materials.
Biotechnology (sometimes shortened to "biotech") is generally accepted as the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make useful products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity). For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology in agriculture, food production and medicine. The term itself is largely believed to have been coined in 1919 by Hungarian engineer Karl Ereky. In the late 20th and early 21st century, biotechnology has expanded to include new and diverse sciences such as genomics, recombinant gene technologies, applied immunology, and development of pharmaceutical therapies and diganostic tests. * Child Welfare
Child Welfare connects child welfare and related professionals to comprehensive information and resources to help protect children and strengthen families. * Terrorism
Terrorism is the systematic use of terror, often violent, especially as a means of coercion. In the international community, however, terrorism has no legally binding, criminal law definition. Common definitions of...
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