Political parties perform an important task in government. They bring people together to control of the government, political parties develop policies favorable to their interests or the groups that support them, and organize and persuade voters to elect their candidates to office. Although very much involved in the operation of government at all levels, political parties are not the government itself the basic purpose of political parties is to nominate candidates for public office and to get as many of them elected as possible. Once elected, officials try to achieve the goals of their party through legislation. Although many people do not think of it this way, registering as a Democrat or Republican makes them members of a political party. Political parties want to get as many people involved as possible. Most members take a fairly passive role, simply just by voting for their candidates at election time. Some become more active and work as officials in the party or volunteer to persuade people to vote. Whether Republican or Democrat, constituents make their concerns known to their representatives. In turn, elected officials must not only reflect the concerns of their own political party but must also try to attract support from people in their districts or states who belong to the other parties. They can attract this support by supporting bipartisan issues.
Political parties represent groups as well as individuals. They may represent the interests of farm workers, small business operators, particular industries, or teachers — any similar individuals who cooperate to express a specific agenda. Parties are a way people with similar ideas can join with others to express their opinions. Factions and parties form because not all people think alike; conflict and differences of opinion seem to be natural to humanity. fixing disagreement, or prohibiting peaceful forms of conflict, can often lead to a loss of liberty. If dissenting views are denied the right to be...
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