Politics in the Philippines has been under the control of a few notable families. It is normal for a politician's son, wife, brother, or other kinsman, to run for the same or other government office. The term coined by Filipinos to describe this practice is "Political dynasty", the equivalent of an oligarchy in political science. One can trace its roots from the Spanish colonial times where favored families of the mestizo stock, or the Illustrados were given responsibilities of Gobernadorcillo, or Alcalde. As such, these men have wielded some influence in their communities, and patronage politics was a common undertaking. After the Philippine-American War, the United States colonial authorities took under their wings these Illustrados to join the democratic process. During this period, family names such as Cojuangcos, Lopezes, Marcoses, Osmeñas and Aquinos became household names. The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines states in Article II Section 26, "The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service, and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law." Though, political dynasties have been a present staple in Philippine political arena. Many have called for the Congress to pass the Anti-Dynasty Law, but this bill has been passed over by each Congress since 1987. Some have pointed that oligarchy’s the root problem of all the corruption in the Philippine government. Background of the study
Political dynasties are here to stay whether you like it or not, unless, of course, if YOU make a choice. Article II, Section 26 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution prohibits the existence of political dynasties but because majority of the lawmakers are either scions or kingpins of a political clan, no one has the guts to step up and perform a rare case of political suicide. Now, we are just left with two choices: stand up for democracy and let corrupt political dynasties wither on their own or be lost forever in a bandwagon mentality that will only lead to an utter sociopolitical decadence.
Statement of the Problem:
1. What the government can do to stop political dynasty?
2. How can we say that a political dynasty is from of corruption?
Significant of the Study
This study focuses in the top-ranked political clans that are either re-electionists or relatives of incumbent or former politicians. This, once again, prompts a discussion on political dynasties, whether this is an issue that should concern voters in the upcoming elections or something that can be accepted as part of our representative democracy.
Presentation of data
ONE of the most ambitious policies of the present Constitution is expressed in its Art. II, Sec. 26, which says, ?The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service, and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law.? It is also the most ignored by Congress for obvious reasons. The framers left it to Congress to define ?political dynasties? -- which it has not -- but I suppose the people understood what the phrase meant when they ratified the Constitution in 1987. They knew that certain families so controlled their constituents -- by guns or gold or, in some cases, merit -- as to be able to retain political power, to the exclusion of other candidates. By transferring elective positions among themselves, from one relative to another, often regardless of qualifications, they are able to prevent other citizens, including the more qualified ones, from enjoying ?equal access to opportunities for public service.? Why the Constitutional Commission did not see fit to define and prohibit political dynasties itself is worth pondering, but uselessly. The fact is that the provision is not self-executing but needs legislative implementation to be really effective. The prohibition in the said section can be enforced only if ?political dynasties? is defined, unfortunately not by the Commission but by Congress. As the...
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