Political Decay in Rome

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Hannibal, leader of a Germanic Tribe
Marcus Aurelius
The Roman Empire declined and fell because of politics. However, the empire was strong at a point until the third century crisis happened. The last emperor before the crisis began was Marcus Aurelius, and the empire went from peaceful and Pax Romana to catastrophe and they called it “the anarchy.” There were both internal and external conflicts throughout the empire. The external problems were the violations of the borders by the Germanic tribes and, “full-scale war with Sassanian Persian Empire on eastern border,” (Nardo). There were also leadership conflicts because if barbarians were to attack, there wouldn’t be a leader to make order. Since barbarians did attack, it made Rome weak when the barbarians were overpowering the cities. The leader of a Germanic tribe was named Hannibal; he overpowered Rome and also made the economy to also be the cause of the fall because when they attacked they destroyed all of the countryside. This made the people move to the cities and cause too much population in the cities and also to have less job opportunities. Some internal conflicts were the followers of the second century leaders were ruthless, evil, and incompetent. There was also the breakdown of the military’s order, loyalty, and efficiency. They ran amok choosing and the setting out of emperors. The military also interfered too much within politics. It also caused political insecurity which interrupted trade, farming, and money steadily. It made poverty grow and life also became miserable, dangerous, and uncertain. Commodus wanted to be a gladiator than be a strong emperor

Diocletian, saved Rome and made many reforms
Another reason why the empire fell because of politics was because of the emperor who had control during that time, Commodus, son of Marcus Aurelius. “Commodus ascended throne at age eighteen or nineteen,” (Nardo) he was the total opposite of his father. He was hopeless, selfish, and he neglected...
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