Political Corruption

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CORRUPTION
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Definition of corruption:
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In philosophical, theological, or moral discussions, corruption is spiritual or moral impurity or deviation from an ideal. Corruption may include many activities including bribery and embezzlement. Government occurs when an office-holder or other governmental employee acts in an official capacity for his or her own personal gain. -------------------------------------------------

Right to Information Act
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The Right to Information Act (2005) and equivalent acts in the states, that require government officials to furnish information requested by citizens or face punitive action, computerization of services and various central and state government acts that established vigilance commissions have considerably reduced corruption or at least have opened up avenues to redress grievances. -------------------------------------------------

Anti-Corruption Laws in India
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Public servants in India can be penalized for corruption under the * Prosecution section of Income Tax Act,1961
* The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988
* The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988 to prohibit benami transactions. * Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002
India is also a signatory to the UN Convention against Corruption since 2005 (ratified 2011). The Convention covers a wide range of acts of corruption and also proposes certain preventive policies.[53] The Lokpal Bill, 2011 is a bill pending before the Rajya Sabha. India's lower house of parliament voted to pass The Whistle Blowers Protection Bill, 2011. The bill is now pending in its Rajya Sabha. -------------------------------------------------

Anti-corruption police and courts
The Directorate General of Income Tax Investigation, Central Vigilance Commission and Central Bureau of Investigation all deal with anti-corruption initiatives. Certain states such as Andhra Pradesh (Andhra Pradesh Anti-corruption Bureau) and Karnataka (Lokayukta) also have their own anti-corruption agencies and courts. Andhra Pradesh Anti Corruption Bureau (ABC) has launched a large scale investigation in the “cash-for-bail” scam. CBI court judge Talluri Pattabhirama Rao was arrested on 19 June 2012 for taking a bribe to grant bail to former Karnataka Minister Gali Janardhan Reddy, who was allegedly amassing assets disproportionate to his known sources of income. Investigation revealed that India Cements – one of India's largest cement – had been investing in Reddy's businesses in return for government contracts. A case has also been opened against seven other individuals under the Indian Penal Code and the Prevention of Corruption Act. -------------------------------------------------

Anti-corruption organizations
A variety of organizations have been created in India to actively fight against corrupt government and business practices. Notable organizations include: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Revribhav * Bharat Swabhiman Trust established by well known Yoga Guru Swami Ramdev running a large campaign against black money and corruption since last 10 years. * 5th Pillar is most known for the creation of the zero rupee note, a valueless note designed to be given to corrupt officials when they request bribes. * India Against Corruption is a movement created by a citizens from a variety of professions and statuses to work against corruption in India. It is currently headed by Anna Hazare. * Jaago Re! One Billion Votes is an organization originally founded by Tata Tea and Janaagraha to increase youth voter registration. They have since expanded their work to include other social issues, including corruption. * Association for Social Transparency, Rights and Action (ASTRA) is an NGO focused on...
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