Constitution and Systems of the State
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Constitution and Systems of the State
While Missouri constitution also has a bill of rights, with important aspects like Unreasonable search and seizure prohibited, freedom of speech, and Religious freedom, Missouri is often known as a "microcosm" of the United States and many of the main components of the government are also set up in Missouri's constitution. The main components of any government are the branches executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch is the most powerful in Missouri. The components of the constitution are the background for our nation, and all roles to give our government organization. The judicial, legislative, and executive branches are all important components that make up our government, allowing for checks and balances structure in order to prevent mismanagement of power (Person Education Inc., 2008). Federalism affects how our government is run, and especially the criminal justice system. Within our criminal justice system the main components are law enforcement, criminal courts, civil courts, and corrections (Person Education Inc., 2008). The main components of a government are the three branches executive, legislative, and judicial. These main components are also set up in Missouri constitution. According to "Missouri Government” (2014), “Missouri state government is called “General Assembly”. The General Assembly is a dual or two-house legislature, just like the United States government legislative branch. The Missouri senate has 34 members and the Missouri house representatives have 163 members. There are term limits on members of the general assembly, Individuals cannot serve more than eight years in one house or 16 years total in both. Democrats and Republicans control the General Assembly just like the U.S. congress. The General Assembly is described as the “law- making” branch of government. Every year several bills are presented to the General Assembly in which they overlook and makes decisions for the state. The General Assembly is accountable for governing the state of Missouri and creating laws ("Missouri Government ", 2014). Majority of bills never become law although they were overlooked by the committee. Bills that support the leaders or have strong interest in the group have the strongest chance of making it to the governor’s desk. Most Powerful Branch
The executive branch is the part of the government responsible for enforcing the law. Similar to other state governments, Missouri also “plural executive”. The Governor elected is the individual who is head of the executive branch. The Missouri governor is one of the most powerful chief executives amongst the fifty states (Kender, 2013). The Missouri governor is able to appoint state judges. The executive divisions include ten major departments: Revenue, Agriculture, Economic Development, Insurance, Social Services, Mental Health, Natural Resources, Public Safety, Labor and Industrial Relations, and Higher Education. Missouri’s Executive Branch consists of all state elective and appointive employees and is accountable for executing the laws of the state. The Executive Branch consists of sixteen executive departments and six statewide elected officials (Kender, 2013). The Executive branch is considered the most powerful in Missouri. The state Missouri is more built around respect to the powers and duties of executive branch officers ("Missouri Government ", 2014). The Missouri Judicial system is based on traditional common law and laws written and adopted by the General Assembly. Local laws cannot interfere with states statuses or the state constitution. Missouri has a three – tier court system which includes the circuit courts, the Missouri court of Appeals, and the Supreme Court. The...
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