Policy Process

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Policy making can be a complex process depending on the policy and how the people this policy will affect feel about it. Health policy is a subset of public policy. These policies include issues that related to health and illness. There are three interconnected phases that complete the policy making process. The processes are formulation, Legislative and finally the implementation phase. I will attempt to show how these processes come together to form policies as we know them today. The policy making process includes many different models but one of the oldest and most common approaches to the study of policy-making derives from the early work of H. Lasswell (1951). This American political scientist was the first to have taken into account and analyzed policy as a process, which is, as a set of phenomena organized in time and led by a number of specific and self-induced mechanisms. The model that he helped build is usually known as the stages model of policy, since it separates policy-making into its component steps, or stages, and analyses each in turn. The original version of the model included seven stages, though more recent versions have reduced the process to fewer steps, varying between four and six. The beginning stages of a policy include the identification of issues, through public demands for action (Porter & Hicks, 1995). It is then up to the appropriate person or committee to decide whether the problem is recognized by society as a whole or is limited to a certain interest group. Sometimes in the beginning stages of a policy the policy makers realize a problem exists but they must be willing to address them all. Many times public figures cannot address the problem because they do not possess the necessary instruments to carry out a policy response. For example public figures cannot bring effective change to certain environmental problems. A time scale must be in place, Policy makers attempt short term mandates depending on how pressing the problem...
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