HSC/455 Health Care Policy: The Past and the Future
February 11, 2013
In the business world or political, policy making is never an easy task. Policy making process goes through five different stages before an idea is implemented and then it is either altered or solidified to become an enacted policy. The system policy-makers use provides checks and balances that keep those in leadership roles from possessing too much control over the policy-making process. The discussion will outline the complete process of how a topic becomes a policy through the formulation, legislative, and implementation stages. Formulation Stage
The goal of health care policy is to promote and protect the health of the community and individuals. This objective can be accomplished by government officials in ways that will respect human rights, including privacy, nondiscrimination, and self-determination (Gostin, n.d.). The United States is a highly complicated and diverse society. Indeed, health policies are weighed in by many groups (Gostin, n.d.). Policymaking bodies and groups that seek to influence policies make it impossible to offer a comprehensive and systematic analysis of health policy formulation (Gostin, n.d.). However, the factors in developing sound health policies are the policies themselves, and they should not be subjected to scientific scrutiny (Gostin, n.d.). Moreover, whether Americans seek to reform the health care system, expand or restrict women’s choices to abort a child, or to authorize or criminalize physicians who assist in a patient’s death, society does not have any precise way in which to test for the correct approach (Gostin, n.d.). Decisions on health policy reflect the choices between the assessment of available data and competing data. Organizations representing, including interest groups representing various health care professionals, evaluate data, and select his or her values through his or her own lenses. Therefore, groups comprised of well-intentioned and highly expert professionals often make different decisions about health policy. Framework is needed for government officials to develop a sound health policy. Developing a sound health policy has many factors. First, policy makers should be dispassionate and objective. Indeed, no conflict of interest, professional incentives, or improper financial. Policymakers should understand the arguments, data presented to assess the policies objectively and reasonably as well as balance competing values fairly Gostin, n.d). Policymakers do not have to be experts as long as they have access to expert advice. Second, accountability is also important for policy-makers decision making. Third, decision makers should be positioned to receive and able to evaluate information objectively on aspects of the health policy (Gostin, n.d.). Although government entities may have access to a great deal of information, assessing the reliability of that information may be complicated (Gostin, n.d.). It is in the best interest of policy makers to have access to objective and complete information from reasonable and neutral sources (Gostin, n.d.). To develop sound health policies, decision makers may seek information from one or several objective sources. Fourth, well considered criteria for making decisions help policymakers in formulating goals, and establishing the scientific, social, and selecting means of ethical parameters for decision making. Policymakers should use the following steps for a guideline. * Policymakers should examine the public interest to determine if the proposed policies. Seek to achieve a health objective. Also define the health purpose of the policy. * Policymakers should examine the effectiveness of the policy by gathering scientific data to determine if the policy will be effective in achieving the goal(s). * Policymakers should evaluate if the...